English - Vietnamese Dictionary
excuse /iks'kju:z/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- lời xin lỗi; lý do để xin lỗi
- lời bào chữa; lý do để bào chữa
- a lante excuse; a poor excuse: lý do bào chữa không vững chắc
- sự miễn cho, sự tha cho (nhiệm vụ gì)
- ngoại động từ
- tha lỗi, thứ lỗi, tha thứ, miễn thứ, lượng thứ, bỏ quá đi cho
- excuse me!: xin lỗi anh (chị...)
- excuse my gloves: tôi không bỏ găng tay ra được xin anh bỏ quá đi cho
- cố làm giảm lỗi của, cố làm giảm trách nhiệm của (ai, việc gì); bào chữa, giải tội cho (ai); là cớ để bào chữa cho
- his youth excuses his siperficiality: tuổi trẻ là điều bào chữa cho sự nông nổi của anh ta
- miễn cho, tha cho
- to excuse someone a fine: miễn cho ai không phải nộp phạt
- to excuse oneself: xin lỗi, cáo lỗi; xin phép cáo biệt; xin phép vắng mặt
+a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.
+a note explaining an absence
+a poor example
+accept an excuse for
+grant exemption or release to
+serve as a reason or cause or justification of
+defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
+ask for permission to be released from an engagement
+excuse, overlook, or make allowances for; be lenient with
Advanced English Dictionary
1 forgive, pardon, overlook, absolve, clear, exonerate, acquit, exculpate, pass over, disregard, wink at, ignore, be blind to, look the other way, pay no attention or heed (to), find or prove innocent (of):
Please excuse my tardiness.
2 release, let go or off, liberate, free, relieve, exempt, absolve; dismiss, Colloq let off the hook:
She was excused from attending class today. You may be excused.
3 condone, allow, permit, defend, apologize for, justify, warrant, explain, vindicate, rationalize, mitigate, extenuate, palliate:
Poverty does not excuse your stealing.
4 apology, explanation, story, reason, justification, defence, plea, vindication, condonation, rationalization, extenuation, mitigation, palliation; basis, grounds, foundation, cause:
Can you think of any excuse for your behaviour?
5 forgiveness, remission, pardon, indulgence, reprieve, clearing, exculpation, absolution, exoneration, acquittal, disregard, heedlessness, vindication, clearance, acquittance:
Ignorance of the law is not an excuse.
6 evasion, subterfuge, pretence, pretext, makeshift, escape, loophole, way out, Colloq alibi, stall, Slang cop-out:
He always uses his grandmother's illness as an excuse for missing school.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 ~ (for sth / for doing sth) a reason, either true or invented, that you give to explain or defend your behaviour: Late again! What's your excuse this time? + There's no excuse for such behaviour. + His excuse for forgetting her birthday was that he had lost his diary. + You don't have to make excuses for her (= try to think of reasons for her behaviour). + It's late. I'm afraid I'll have to make my excuses (= say I'm sorry, give my reasons and leave). - REASON
2 ~ (for sth / for doing sth)
~ (to do sth) a good reason that you give for doing sth that you want to do for other reasons: It's just an excuse for a party. + It gave me an excuse to take the car.
3 a very bad example of sth: Why get involved with that pathetic excuse for a human being?
4 (AmE) a note written by a doctor or parent to explain why a student cannot go to school
1 ~ sth
~ sb (for sth / for doing sth) to forgive sb for sth that they have done, for example not being polite or making a small mistake: [VN] Please excuse the mess. + I hope you'll excuse me for being so late. + You must excuse my father-he's not always that rude. + (BrE) You might be excused for thinking that Ben is in charge (= he is not, but it is an easy mistake to make). + [VN -ing] (formal) Excuse my interrupting you.
2 [VN] ~ sth
~ sb / yourself (for sth / for doing sth) to make your or sb else's behaviour seem less offensive by finding reasons for it
Nothing can excuse such rudeness.
3 [VN] ~ sb / yourself (from sth) to allow sb to leave; to say in a polite way that you are leaving: Now if you'll excuse me, I'm a very busy man. + She excused herself and left the meeting early.
4 ~ sb (from sth / from doing sth) [usually passive] to allow sb to not do sth that they should normally do: [VN] She was excused from giving evidence because of her age. [also VNN]
Idioms: excuse me
1 used to politely get sb's attention, especially sb you do not know: Excuse me, is this the way to the station?
2 used to politely ask sb to move so that you can get past them: Excuse me, could you let me through?
3 used to say that you are sorry for interrupting sb or behaving in a slightly rude way: Guy sneezed loudly. 'Excuse me,' he said.
4 used to disagree politely with sb: Excuse me, but I don't think that's true.
5 used to politely tell sb that you are going to leave or talk to sb else: 'Excuse me for a moment,' she said and left the room.
6 (especially AmE) used to say sorry for pushing sb or doing sth wrong: Oh, excuse me. I didn't see you there.
7 (excuse me?) (AmE) used when you did not hear what sb said and you want them to repeat it
1 reason given
perfect, wonderful | good, legitimate, valid | convincing, plausible, reasonable | feeble, flimsy, lame, pathetic, poor | convenient, easy
The children provided a convenient excuse for missing the party.
| standard, usual | every
She seized on every excuse to avoid doing the work.
| the slightest
He became moody and unreasonable, flailing out at Katherine at the slightest excuse.
VERB + EXCUSE
He had no excuse for being so late.
| give, make, offer
She made some feeble excuse about the car having broken down. You don't have to make excuses for her (= try to think of reasons for her behaviour). It's late. I'm afraid I'll have to make my excuses (= say I'm sorry, give my reasons and leave).
| give sb, offer sb, provide (sb with)
Delivering the stuff for Rodney gave me an excuse to take the car. Her mother's illness provided her with an excuse to stay at home.
| need | look for | find, invent, make up, seize on, think up
She had to find a valid excuse for leaving the room. He made up a rather lame excuse for the work being late.
| use sth as
The political crisis is being used as an excuse to dock people's pay.
| run out of
He's run out of excuses for not tidying his room.
| accept, believe | reject
He invented a pathetic excuse about losing his watch.
| ~ for
It's just an excuse for a party.
there is no excuse for …
There's no excuse for such behaviour.
2 bad example of sth
Why get involved with that pathetic excuse for a human being?
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