1 result, consequence, outcome, conclusion, upshot, aftermath, impact:
The effects of the storm could be seen everywhere.
2 effectiveness, efficacy, force, power, capacity, potency, influence, impression, impact, Colloq clout, punch:
His threats had no effect.
3 significance, meaning, signification, purport, sense, essence, drift, implication, import, tenor, purpose, intent, intention, object, objective:
She said 'Get lost', or words to that effect.
4 impact, impression, form, sensation:
He didn't mean that, he just said it for effect.
5 in effect. effectively, virtually, for (all) practical purposes, so to speak, more or less; actually, in (point of) fact, really, essentially, basically, at bottom, in truth, truly, to all intents and purposes, at the end of the day, any way you look at it:
She always spoke of him as her adopted son and this, in effect, was what he was.
6 take effect. become operative or operational, come into force, begin or start to work or function or operate:
The regulation doesn't take effect till next week.
7 bring about, cause, make happen or take place, effectuate, achieve, accomplish, secure, obtain, make, execute, carry out, produce, create:
The opposition was unable to effect any change in the law.
1 change that is caused by sth
decisive, dramatic, far-reaching, important, marked, powerful, profound, significant, strong | marginal, minimal, modest, negligible | chief, main, major, principal | full
The full effects of the new tax have not yet been felt.
| apparent, appreciable, detectable, discernible, measurable, noticeable, visible | likely, possible, potential, predictable, probable | subtle | disproportionate | residual | adverse, catastrophic, crippling, damaging, debilitating, deleterious, destructive, detrimental, devastating, disastrous, harmful, ill, negative, serious, traumatic, undesirable, unfortunate
the crippling effect of sanctions on the economy He didn't seem to have suffered any ill effects from his fall.
| beneficial, positive, salutary | the desired
We had problems with mosquitoes, but this spray had the desired effect.
| magical, remarkable
Giving up smoking had a magical effect on his stamina.
| immediate | direct, indirect | short-term | lasting, long-term, permanent | domino, knock-on, ripple, spin-off
Any delay in delivery of materials will have a knock-on effect throughout the production process. (see also
| practical | aggregate, combined, cumulative, net, overall | qualitative, quantitative | cohesive | divisive | deterrent, disincentive
The deterrent effect of the death penalty has long been questioned. Heavy taxation has a disincentive effect.
| calming, hypnotic, soothing, soporific | curative, restorative, therapeutic | placebo | inflationary | corrosive | greenhouse
policies to reduce emissions of gases which cause the greenhouse effect
VERB + EFFECT
bring about, exert, have, produce
The drug exerts a powerful effect on the brain.
The medicine started to take effect after a few minutes.
| feel, experience, suffer (from)
Women feel the effects of alcohol more quickly than men.
| recover from | observe | show | assess, determine, estimate, examine, measure, study | ameliorate, cushion, lessen, minimize, mitigate, reduce, soften
to minimize the effects of economic change
| cancel out | counter, counteract, offset | compound, magnify, maximize | avoid | aim at
That is precisely the effect I was aiming at.
| be worried about, fear | underestimate | ignore
EFFECT + VERB
spread | last | wear off
How soon will the effects of the drug wear off?
The border closure meant, in effect, that no trade took place between the countries.
| to this/that ~
They told us to go away, or words to that effect.
| with … ~
The plague struck London again with devastating effect.
| ~ on/upon
The dry weather had an adverse effect on the potato crops.
cause and effect
key historical concepts such as cause and effect
| to little/no effect
The air-conditioning came on, to little effect.
2 use of an official rule/plan, etc.
VERB + EFFECT
The new regulations come into effect next month.
| bring sth into, put sth into
The recommendations will soon be put into effect.
Some laws from the eighteenth century are still in effect.
| with ~
The bank has cut interest rates with immediate effect.
3 impression that a speaker/book/film, etc. gives
dramatic, startling, striking, stunning | maximum, optimum | the desired
I found that by adding white I could achieve the desired effect.
The overall effect of the painting is overwhelming.
VERB + EFFECT
give (sth), have
The stage lighting gives the effect of a moonlit scene.
| achieve, create | enhance, heighten
The dramatic effect was heightened by her black dress and dead white face.
| mar, spoil
for … ~
‘You know why I'm here?’ Doug paused for maximum effect.
| to … ~
She uses animal sounds to startling effect in her music.
4 techniques used when making sth
special | cinematic | audio, sound | optical, visual | lighting | elaborate | digital
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