Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
discipline /'disiplin/
  • danh từ
    • kỷ luật
      • to keep under strict discipline: bắt theo kỷ luật nghiêm ngặt
      • a breach of discipline: sự phạm kỷ luật
    • sự rèn luyện trí óc
    • nhục hình; sự trừng phạt
    • (tôn giáo) sự hành xác (để tỏ sự ăn năn)
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ), quân sự luyện tập
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) môn học
    • ngoại động từ
      • khép vào kỷ luật, đưa vào kỷ luật
      • rèn luyện
      • trừng phạt, đánh đập
    Concise Dictionary
    +a branch of knowledge
    +a system of rules of conduct or method of practice
    +the trait of being well behaved
    +training to improve strength or self-control
    +the act of punishing
    +train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
    +punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 training, drilling, regimen, exercise, practice, drill, inculcation, indoctrination, instruction, schooling:
    Strict discipline is good for young people, according to my father.
    2 punishment, penalty, chastisement, castigation, correction:
    The discipline meted out to senior students was very harsh.
    3 order, routine, (proper) behaviour, decorum:
    The sergeant is there to maintain discipline among the recruits.
    4 direction, rule, regulation, government, control, subjection, restriction, check, curb, restraint:
    There was far too much discipline during my childhood, both at school and at home.
    5 subject, course, branch of knowledge, area, field, speciality or Chiefly US and Canadian specialty:
    Latin is a discipline which is fast disappearing from our schools.
    6 train, break in, condition, drill, exercise, instruct, coach, teach, school, indoctrinate, inculcate; edify, enlighten, inform:
    The aim of his education is to discipline him to respond to orders.
    7 check, curb, restrain, bridle, control, govern, direct, run, supervise, manage, regulate, hold or keep in check, US ride herd on:
    You have to discipline those children or they will always misbehave.
    8 punish, chastise, castigate, correct, penalize, reprove, criticize, reprimand, rebuke:
    Discipline that boy or he will just do it again.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    1 [U] the practice of training people to obey rules and orders and punishing them if they do not; the controlled behaviour or situation that results from this training: The school has a reputation for high standards of discipline. + Strict discipline is imposed on army recruits. + She keeps good discipline in class. + Lack of discipline at home meant that many pupils found it difficult to settle in to the ordered environment of the school.
    2 [C] a method of training your mind or body or of controlling your behaviour; an area of activity where this is necessary: Yoga is a good discipline for learning to relax.
    3 [U] the ability to control your behaviour or the way you live, work, etc: He'll never get anywhere working for himself-he's got no discipline. + Her determination and discipline were admirable.
    See also - SELF-DISCIPLINE
    4 [C] an area of knowledge; a subject that people study or are taught, especially in a university: The new recruits were drawn from a range of academic disciplines.
    + verb
    1 [VN] ~ sb (for sth) to punish sb for sth they have done: The officers were disciplined for using racist language.
    2 [VN] to train sb, especially a child, to obey particular rules and control the way they behave: a guide to the best ways of disciplining your child
    3 ~ yourself to control the way you behave and make yourself do things that you believe you should do: [VN to inf] He disciplined himself to exercise at least three times a week. + [VN] Dieting is a matter of disciplining yourself.
    disciplined adjective: a disciplined army / team + a disciplined approach to work
    Collocation Dictionary

    1 controlling behaviour


    effective, firm, good, strong
    We need better discipline in our schools.
    | harsh, iron, rigid, strict
    strict military discipline
    | lax, poor
    Discipline was too lax.
    | staff, team | military, naval, party, prison, school, work


    enforce, exercise, exert, impose
    the discipline that the party exercises over its members
    | keep, maintain
    The teacher was unable to maintain discipline.
    | accept, submit to
    They submitted to the discipline imposed by their leaders.
    | have
    The school was criticized for having very poor discipline.
    | lack
    Modern schools lack discipline.
    | tighten
    The new headmaster tightened discipline in the school.
    | relax | restore


    a breach of discipline
    It's unfair to dismiss somebody for a single breach of discipline.
    | a breakdown of discipline
    a breakdown of discipline in the classroom
    | a lack of discipline

    2 controlling yourself


    good, great, useful, valuable
    It is good discipline to learn to delegate.
    | strict | personal | mental, spiritual | business, commercial, financial, fiscal, industrial, market, monetary
    The chancellor has stabilized the economy through strict fiscal discipline.


    He'll never get anywhere working for himself?he's got no discipline.
    | show | lack | demand, require, take
    It takes great discipline to learn a musical instrument.


    a lack of discipline

    3 subject of study


    core, main, major
    Students are to be tested on the three core disciplines: maths, English and science.
    | distinct, independent
    When did sociology emerge as a distinct discipline?
    | established, traditional | subject | academic, intellectual
    They established psychology as an academic discipline.
    | professional | humanities, science/scientific


    across ~s
    There is a lack of communication across disciplines (= between teachers and students of different subjects).
    | within a/the ~
    Within a discipline there may be more than one school of thought.


    a range of disciplines
    The university offers a wide range of disciplines.

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    Updated: 05/06/2018: List of Academic Words