English - Vietnamese Dictionary
discipline /'disiplin/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- kỷ luật
- to keep under strict discipline: bắt theo kỷ luật nghiêm ngặt
- a breach of discipline: sự phạm kỷ luật
- (tôn giáo) sự hành xác (để tỏ sự ăn năn)
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ), quân sự luyện tập
- ngoại động từ
- khép vào kỷ luật, đưa vào kỷ luật
+a branch of knowledge
+a system of rules of conduct or method of practice
+the trait of being well behaved
+training to improve strength or self-control
+the act of punishing
+train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
+punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience
Advanced English Dictionary
1 training, drilling, regimen, exercise, practice, drill, inculcation, indoctrination, instruction, schooling:
Strict discipline is good for young people, according to my father.
2 punishment, penalty, chastisement, castigation, correction:
The discipline meted out to senior students was very harsh.
3 order, routine, (proper) behaviour, decorum:
The sergeant is there to maintain discipline among the recruits.
4 direction, rule, regulation, government, control, subjection, restriction, check, curb, restraint:
There was far too much discipline during my childhood, both at school and at home.
5 subject, course, branch of knowledge, area, field, speciality or Chiefly US and Canadian specialty:
Latin is a discipline which is fast disappearing from our schools.
6 train, break in, condition, drill, exercise, instruct, coach, teach, school, indoctrinate, inculcate; edify, enlighten, inform:
The aim of his education is to discipline him to respond to orders.
7 check, curb, restrain, bridle, control, govern, direct, run, supervise, manage, regulate, hold or keep in check, US ride herd on:
You have to discipline those children or they will always misbehave.
8 punish, chastise, castigate, correct, penalize, reprove, criticize, reprimand, rebuke:
Discipline that boy or he will just do it again.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 [U] the practice of training people to obey rules and orders and punishing them if they do not; the controlled behaviour or situation that results from this training: The school has a reputation for high standards of discipline. + Strict discipline is imposed on army recruits. + She keeps good discipline in class. + Lack of discipline at home meant that many pupils found it difficult to settle in to the ordered environment of the school.
2 [C] a method of training your mind or body or of controlling your behaviour; an area of activity where this is necessary: Yoga is a good discipline for learning to relax.
3 [U] the ability to control your behaviour or the way you live, work, etc: He'll never get anywhere working for himself-he's got no discipline. + Her determination and discipline were admirable.
See also - SELF-DISCIPLINE
4 [C] an area of knowledge; a subject that people study or are taught, especially in a university: The new recruits were drawn from a range of academic disciplines.
1 [VN] ~ sb (for sth) to punish sb for sth they have done: The officers were disciplined for using racist language.
2 [VN] to train sb, especially a child, to obey particular rules and control the way they behave: a guide to the best ways of disciplining your child
3 ~ yourself to control the way you behave and make yourself do things that you believe you should do: [VN to inf] He disciplined himself to exercise at least three times a week. + [VN] Dieting is a matter of disciplining yourself.
disciplined adjective: a disciplined army / team + a disciplined approach to work
1 controlling behaviour
effective, firm, good, strong
We need better discipline in our schools.
| harsh, iron, rigid, strict
strict military discipline
| lax, poor
Discipline was too lax.
| staff, team | military, naval, party, prison, school, work
VERB + DISCIPLINE
enforce, exercise, exert, impose
the discipline that the party exercises over its members
| keep, maintain
The teacher was unable to maintain discipline.
| accept, submit to
They submitted to the discipline imposed by their leaders.
The school was criticized for having very poor discipline.
Modern schools lack discipline.
The new headmaster tightened discipline in the school.
| relax | restore
a breach of discipline
It's unfair to dismiss somebody for a single breach of discipline.
| a breakdown of discipline
a breakdown of discipline in the classroom
| a lack of discipline
2 controlling yourself
good, great, useful, valuable
It is good discipline to learn to delegate.
| strict | personal | mental, spiritual | business, commercial, financial, fiscal, industrial, market, monetary
The chancellor has stabilized the economy through strict fiscal discipline.
VERB + DISCIPLINE
He'll never get anywhere working for himself?he's got no discipline.
| show | lack | demand, require, take
It takes great discipline to learn a musical instrument.
a lack of discipline
3 subject of study
core, main, major
Students are to be tested on the three core disciplines: maths, English and science.
| distinct, independent
When did sociology emerge as a distinct discipline?
| established, traditional | subject | academic, intellectual
They established psychology as an academic discipline.
| professional | humanities, science/scientific
There is a lack of communication across disciplines (= between teachers and students of different subjects).
| within a/the ~
Within a discipline there may be more than one school of thought.
a range of disciplines
The university offers a wide range of disciplines.
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