Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
discharge
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
discharge /dis'tʃɑ:dʤ/
  • danh từ
    • sự dỡ hàng, sự bốc dỡ (hàng)
    • sự nổ (súng), sự phóng ra, sự bắn ra (tên lửa, mũi tên...)
    • sự đuổi ra, sự thải hồi (người làm); sự tha, sự thả (người tù); sự cho ra, sự cho về (người bệnh); sự giải tán, sự giải ngũ (quân đội)
      • to get one's discharge: bị đuổi ra, bị thải về
    • sự tuôn ra, sự tháo ra, sự tiết ra, sự bốc ra, sự đổ ra, sự chảy ra
    • sự chảy mủ
    • sự trả hết, sự thanh toán (nợ nần); sự làm xong, sự hoàn thành, sự thực hiên (nhiệm vụ...)
    • sự tẩy màu; thuốc tẩy màu, dung dịch tẩy màu
    • (kỹ thuật) sự phóng điện; sự tháo điện (ắc quy)
    • sự tha miễn, sự miễn trừ; (pháp lý) sự tuyên bố tha; giấy chứng nhận tha miễn, giấy chứng nhận miễn trừ
    • ngoại động từ
      • dỡ (hàng); dỡ hàng (tàu thuỷ...)
      • nổ (súng); phóng (tên lửa...); bắn (mũi tên...)
      • đuổi ra, thải hồi (người làm), tha, thả (người tù); cho ra, cho về (người bệnh); giải tán, giải ngũ (quân đội)
      • tuôn ra, tháo ra, tiết ra, bốc ra, đổ ra, chảy ra
        • to discharge a torrent of abuse: tuôn ra một tràng những lời chửi rủa, chửi tới tấp
        • chimney discharges smoke: ống lò sưởi nhả khói ra
        • wound discharges matter: vết thương chảy mủ
        • stream discharges itself into a river: dòng suối đổ vào sông
      • trả hết, thanh toán (nợ nần); làm xong, hoàn thành (nhiệm vụ...)
      • làm phai (màu); tẩy (vải)
      • phục quyền (người vỡ nợ)
      • (kỹ thuật) tháo điện (ắc quy)
      • (pháp lý) huỷ bỏ (bản án)
    Concise Dictionary
    discharges|discharged|dischargingdɪs'tʃɑːdʒ
    noun
    +the sudden giving off of energy
    +the act of venting
    +a substance that is emitted or released
    +any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body
    +electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field
    +the pouring forth of a fluid
    +the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)
    +a formal written statement of relinquishment
    +the act of discharging a gun
    verb
    +complete or carry out
    +pour forth or release
    +eliminate (substances) from the body
    +free from obligations or duties
    +remove the charge from
    +go off or discharge
    +pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
    +leave or unload, especially of passengers or cargo;
    +cause to go off
    +release from military service
    +become empty or void of its content

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 release, let out, dismiss, let go, send away; pardon, exonerate, liberate, (set) free, acquit, let off, absolve:
    She was discharged from hospital yesterday. He was discharged from police custody last week.
    2 expel, oust, dismiss, cashier, eject, give notice, Colloq sack, give (someone) the sack, fire, kick out:
    He was discharged from his job yesterday.
    3 shoot, fire (off); set or let off, detonate, explode:
    It is illegal to discharge a firearm or other explosive device in this area.
    4 emit, send out or forth, pour out or forth, gush; disembogue; ooze, leak, exude; excrete, void:
    The sore in his leg continued to discharge pus. We can ill afford to discharge those effluents into the sea.
    5 carry out, perform, fulfil, accomplish, do, execute:
    He faithfully discharges the duties of his office.
    6 pay, settle, liquidate, clear, honour, meet, square (up):
    Before going off on holiday, we discharged all our financial obligations.
    7 unload, offload, disburden, empty:
    After discharging its cargo, the vessel rode high in the water.
    n.
    8 release, dismissal:
    What is the date of his discharge from the clinic?
    9 expulsion, ouster, dismissal, ejection, notice, Colloq the axe or US ax, the sack, the boot, Chiefly US and Canadian walking papers, Slang US and Canadian the bounce, the gate:
    Her discharge from the firm was rather ignominious.
    10 shooting, firing (off), report, shot; salvo, fusillade, volley; detonation, explosion, burst:
    The discharge of a pistol could not be heard at that distance. I heard the discharge from the guns of the firing squad in the courtyard below. The discharge of the bomb maimed three children.
    11 emission, release, void, voiding, excretion, excreting, emptying, flow; ooze, oozing, pus, suppuration, secretion, seepage:
    The discharge of blood from the wound continued.
    12 performance, fulfilment, accomplishment, execution, observance, achievement:
    The discharge of my family responsibilities will have to await my return from the front.
    13 payment, settlement, liquidation, squaring (up), clearance:
    The bank expects full discharge of all debts before they lend any money.
    14 unloading, disburdening, offloading, emptying:
    The customer will pay in full after the discharge of his cargo.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    verb, noun
    + verb
    from hospital / job
    1 [VN] [usually passive] ~ sb (from sth) to give sb official permission to leave a place or job; to make sb leave a job: Patients were being discharged from the hospital too early. + She had discharged herself against medical advice. + He was discharged from the army following his injury. + She was discharged from the police force for bad conduct.
    from prison / court
    2 [VN] [often passive] to allow sb to leave prison or a court of law: He was conditionally discharged after admitting the theft.
    gas / liquid
    3 ~ (sth) (into sth) when a gas or a liquid discharges or is discharged, or sb discharges it, it flows somewhere: [V] The river is diverted through the power station before discharging into the sea. + [VN] The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.
    force / power
    4 (technical) to release force or power: [VN] Lightning is caused by clouds discharging electricity. [also V]
    duty
    5 [VN] (formal) to do everything that is necessary to perform and complete a particular duty: to discharge your responsibilities / obligations + to discharge a debt (= to pay it)
    gun
    6 [VN] (formal) to fire a gun, etc.
    + noun
    of liquid / gas
    1 [U, C] the action of releasing a substance such as a liquid or gas; a substance that comes out from inside somewhere: a ban on the discharge of toxic waste + thunder and lightning caused by electrical discharges + nasal / vaginal discharge (= from the nose / vagina)
    from hospital / job
    2 [U, C] ~ (from sth) the act of officially allowing sb, or of telling sb, to leave somewhere, especially sb in a hospital or the army
    of duty
    3 [U] (formal) the act of carrying out a task or a duty or of paying money that is owed: the discharge of debts / obligations + Arrangements have been made for the discharge of mortgage payments.
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 substance

    ADJ.

    thick | nasal, vaginal, etc. | effluent, industrial, sewage, waste | electrical, radioactive
    thunder and lightning caused by an electrical discharge

    PREP.

    ~ from
    a thick discharge from the nose

    2 from court

    ADJ.

    absolute | conditional

    VERB + DISCHARGE

    give
    He was given an absolute discharge but banned from driving for 12 months.

    verb

    1 from army/navy, etc.

    ADV.

    dishonourably, honourably

    PREP.

    from
    He was found guilty and dishonourably discharged from the army.

    2 from prison/court

    ADV.

    conditionally
    He was conditionally discharged after admitting the theft.

    3 gas/liquid

    ADV.

    directly

    PREP.

    from, into
    Raw sewage was discharged from the treatment plant directly into the river.



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