English - Vietnamese Dictionary
decline /di'klain/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- sự sụt, sự suy tàn, sự suy sụp, sự tàn tạ
- the decline of imperialism: sự suy tàn của chủ nghĩa đế quốc
- the decline of prices: sự sụt giá
- the decline of old age: sự tàn tạ của tuổi già
- the decline of the moon: lúc trăng tàn
- (y học) bệnh gầy mòn, sự sụt sức
- to fall into a decline: mắc bệnh gầy mòn, bị sụt sức
- nội động từ
- nghiêng đi, dốc nghiêng đi
- nghiêng mình, cúi mình, cúi đầu rũ xuống
- tàn dần (ngày); xế, xế tà (mặt trời...); suy đi, suy dần (sức khoẻ); sụt xuống (giá cả...)
- ngoại động từ
- nghiêng (mình), cúi (đầu)
- từ chối, khước từ, không nhận, không chịu
- to decline an invitation: khước từ lời mời
- to decline battle: không chịu giao chiến
- to decline a challenge: không nhận lời thách
- to decline to do (doing) something: từ chối không làm gì
- to decline with thanks: từ chối một cách khinh bỉ
+change toward something smaller or lower
+a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state
+a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current
+a downward slope or bend
+refuse to accept
+show unwillingness towards
+go down in value
+inflect for number, gender, case, etc., "in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives"
Advanced English Dictionary
1 refuse, turn down, deny, reject, demur, forgo, veto, avoid, abstain from:
She declined help with the packages. Roger was offered a professorship at the university but he declined.
2 diminish, lessen, decrease, wane, flag, go down, fall or taper off, subside, ebb, abate, dwindle, shrink, fade, Colloq peter out, run out of steam, US run out of gas:
Demand for hula hoops declined.
3 slope or slant (downwards), descend, drop or fall off, dip, sink:
The meadow declines towards the river.
4 deteriorate, degenerate, worsen, fail:
My health has declined over the last year.
5 go or drop down, settle, dip, sink, set:
The sun was declining as I went home.
6 diminution, decrease, lessening, ebb, downturn, fall-off, reduction, abatement, slump, descent:
There has been a steady decline in the value of the pound.
7 degeneration, deterioration, loss, diminution, weakening, debility, weakness, worsening, decay, failing:
We noted a decline in the physical condition of those living nearby.
8 declivity, (downward) slope or slant, descent, downgrade, incline:
The path led down a steep decline towards the pond.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
+ noun [C, usually sing, U] ~ (in sth)
~ (of sth) a continuous decrease in the number, value, quality, etc. of sth: a rapid / sharp / gradual decline + urban / economic decline + The company reported a small decline in its profits. + An increase in cars has resulted in the decline of public transport. + The town fell into (a) decline (= started to be less busy, important, etc.) after the mine closed. + Industry in Britain has been in decline since the 1970s.
1 [V] to become smaller, fewer, weaker, etc: Support for the party continues to decline. + The number of tourists to the resort declined by 10% last year. + Her health was declining rapidly.
2 (formal) to refuse politely to accept or to do sth: [V] I offered to give them a lift but they declined. + [VN] to decline an offer / invitation + She declined a second glass of wine and called for a taxi. + [V to inf] Their spokesman declined to comment on the allegations.
3 [V, VN] (grammar) if a noun, an adjective or a pronoun declines, it has different forms according to whether it is the subject or the object a verb, whether it is in the singular or plural, etc. When you decline a noun, etc., you list these forms.
Idioms: sb's declining years (literary) the last years of sb's life
catastrophic, considerable, dramatic, drastic, massive, marked, precipitate, precipitous, rapid, serious, sharp, significant, steep, substantial | gentle, gradual, modest, slight, slow | continuing, progressive, steady
a steady decline in manufacturing
| general, long-term, overall | absolute, inevitable, inexorable, irreversible, terminal
an industry in terminal decline
| economic, industrial, moral, political, urban
the moral decline of the nation
VERB + DECLINE
fall into, go into, suffer
The cloth trade went into gradual decline.
| cause, lead to
The increased gold price lead to the decline of his jewellery business.
| arrest, halt, stop
We must halt this decline in health services.
| prevent | accelerate | see
We have seen a sharp decline in educational standards over recent years.
The motor industry is still in decline.
| on the ~
This area has been on the decline for some years now.
| ~ in
a steep decline in sales
| ~ of
the decline of British farming
the decline and fall of sth
the decline and fall of a great civilization verb
politely | absolutely
I absolutely decline to discuss my dealings with him or anyone.
2 become smaller/weaker
considerably, dramatically, drastically, markedly, sharply, significantly, steeply
The economy has declined sharply in recent years.
| a little, slightly | fast, rapidly
The market for these products is declining fast.
| steadily | gradually, slowly | further
Profits declined by 6% this year.
| from, to
The number of full-time staff has declined from 300 to just 50.
decline in importance/numbers/size
This section of the market has slowly declined in importance.
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