Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
condition
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
condition /kən'diʃn/
  • danh từ
    • điều kiện
      • on (upon) condition that: với điều kiện là
    • (số nhiều) hoàn cảnh, tình cảnh, tình thế
      • under the present conditions: trong hoàn cảnh hiện tại
      • favourable conditions: hoàn cảnh thuận lợi
    • địa vị, thân phận
      • a man of condition: người có địa vị
      • men of all conditions: người đủ mọi địa vị, người đủ mọi từng lớp
    • trạng thái, tình trạng
      • eggs arrived in good condition: trứng về còn (ở tình trạng) tốt nguyên
    • (ngôn ngữ học) mệnh đề điều kiện
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) kỳ thi vớt
    • to change one's condition
      • lấy vợ, lấy chồng, lập gia đình
  • ngoại động từ
    • ước định, quy định
    • tuỳ thuộc vào, quyết định bởi
      • the size of the carpet is conditioned by the area of the room: bề rộng của tấm thảm tuỳ thuộc vào diện tích của gian phòng
    • là điều kiện của, cần thiết cho
      • the two things condition each other: hai cái đó cần thiết lẫn cho nhau
    • (thương nghiệp) thử, kiểm tra phẩm chất (hàng hoá)
    • làm cho sung sức; chăm sóc cho khoẻ mạnh
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) dự kỳ thi vớt
Concise Dictionary
conditions|conditioned|conditioningkən'dɪʃn
noun
+a state at a particular time
+a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing
+an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else
+(usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement
+the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape')
+information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
+the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition
verb
+establish a conditioned response
+train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
+specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement
+put into a better state
+apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 state; circumstance(s), shape:
What condition is the house in? My bank account is in a poor condition.
2 stipulation, proviso, demand, requirement, term, qualification, contingency, requisite, prerequisite:
The terrorists have announced their conditions for releasing the hostages.
3 working order, fitness, shape, form, fettle; health:
He's in good condition, but his car isn't.
4 conditions. circumstances; quarters; environment:
The ship's crew live in very crowded conditions.
v.
5 ready, get or make ready, prepare, equip, outfit, fit (out or up), adapt, modify:
The mechanics are conditioning the plane for high-altitude flights.
6 train, educate, teach; brainwash; influence, mould, persuade:
The children were conditioned to avoid talking to strangers.
7 accustom, inure, adapt, acclimate, acclimatize:
At this training base, we condition the commandos to all kinds of hardships.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
state of sth
1 [U, sing.] the state that sth is in: to be in bad / good / excellent condition + a used car in perfect condition + The house is in a generally poor condition.
medical
2 [U, sing.] the state of sb's health or how fit they are: He is overweight and out of condition (= not physically fit). + You are in no condition (= too ill, etc.) to go anywhere. + The motorcyclist was in a critical condition in hospital last night. + (informal) She shouldn't be driving in her condition (= because she is pregnant).
3 [C] an illness or a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it: a medical condition + He suffers from a serious heart condition.
circumstances
4 (conditions) [pl.] the circumstances or situation in which people live, work or do things: living / housing / working conditions + changing economic conditions + neglected children living under the most appalling conditions + a strike to improve pay and conditions
5 (conditions) [pl.] the physical situation that affects how sth happens: The plants grow best in cool, damp conditions. + freezing / icy / humid conditions + Conditions are ideal (= the weather is very good) for sailing today. + treacherous driving conditions
rule
6 [C] a rule or decision that you must agree to, sometimes forming part of a contract or an official agreement: the terms and conditions of employment + The offer is subject to certain conditions. + They agreed to lend us the car on condition that (= only if) we returned it before the weekend. + They will give us the money on one condition-that we pay it back within six months. + (especially AmE) They agreed under the condition that the matter be dealt with promptly. + Congress can impose strict conditions on the bank. + They have agreed to the ceasefire provided their conditions are met.
necessary situation
7 [C] a situation that must exist in order for sth else to happen: a necessary condition for economic growth + A good training programme is one of the conditions for successful industry.
state of group
8 [sing.] (formal) the state of a particular group of people because of their situation in life, their problems, etc: He spoke angrily about the condition of the urban poor. + Work is basic to the human condition (= the fact of being alive).
Idioms: on no condition (AmE also under no condition) (formal) not in any situation; never: You must on no condition tell them what happened.
more at MINT n.
+ verb
1 [usually passive] ~ sb/sth (to sth / to do sth) to train sb/sth to behave in a particular way or to become used to a particular situation: [VN] the difference between inborn and conditioned reflexes (= reactions that are learned / not natural) + Patients can become conditioned to particular forms of treatment. + [VN to inf] The rats had been conditioned to ring a bell when they wanted food.
2 [VN] to have an important effect on sb/sth; to influence the way that sth happens: Gender roles are often conditioned by cultural factors.
3 [VN] to keep sth such as your hair or skin healthy: a shampoo that cleans and conditions hair + a polish for conditioning leather
WHICH WORD?

condition / state
The following adjectives are frequently used with these nouns: ~ condition ~ state
good present
excellent current
physical mental
poor solid
human no
perfect emotional
no physical
better natural
State is a more general word than condition and is used for the condition that something is in at a particular time. It can be used without an adjective: the present state of medical knowledge + We're worried about his mental state. + What a state this room is in (= very bad).
Condition is used with an adjective and refers especially to the appearance, quality or working order of somebody or something: The car is in excellent condition.
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 state of sth

ADJ.

excellent, good, immaculate, mint, peak, perfect, pristine | fair, reasonable | bad, poor | original
The clock was restored to its original condition.
| physical

PREP.

in … ~
The car is still in excellent condition.

2 sb's state of health

ADJ.

critical, serious | stable
Doctors say his condition is now stable.
| mental, physical
There has been a serious deterioration in her mental condition.

CONDITION + VERB

get better, improve
Without this treatment, her condition won't improve.
| deteriorate, get worse

PREP.

in a … ~
He is still in a critical condition in the local hospital.
| out of ~
I haven't been excercising much recently, so I'm a bit out of condition.

PHRASES

be in no condition to do sth
You're in no condition to tackle the stairs.

3 illness

ADJ.

medical | serious | chronic | incurable | rare | heart, skin, etc. | mental
She was unable to give informed consent because of a mental condition.

VERB + CONDITION

have, suffer from
He has a rare skin condition.
| be born with
All three babies were born with an incurable heart condition.

4 conditions: situation/circumstances

ADJ.

favourable, good, ideal, optimum
Conditions are very favourable for starting a business.
| adverse, appalling, awful, difficult, dreadful, freak
(only used about the weather),
harsh, poor, severe, terrible, treacherous
adverse conditions for driving freak weather conditions
| normal, prevailing | controlled
The experiment is conducted under strictly controlled conditions.
| experimental, laboratory | driving, housing, living, operating, working
The working conditions in the factory are dreadful.
| economic, market, political, social | climatic, environmental, physical, soil, weather

VERB + CONDITION

live in, work in/under
An enormous number of people live in conditions of severe poverty.

CONDITION + VERB

exist, prevail
As long as these weather conditions prevail, we are unable to rescue the climbers.
| change | improve | deteriorate

PREP.

in ~
in normal flightoperating conditions
| under ~
The samples are heated underexperimental conditions.

5 rule

ADJ.

strict | special

VERB + CONDITION

attach, impose, lay down, set out
the conditions attached to the grant of a residential licence The United Nations has imposed strict conditions on the ceasefire.
| accept, agree to
They would not agree to our conditions.
| abide by, comply with, fulfil, meet, observe, satisfy
To get a basic pension you must satisfy two conditions: …
| be subject to
The bar was licensed subject to the condition that no children under 15 be admitted.
| be in breach of
He denied being in breach of bail conditions.

CONDITION + VERB

apply
Special conditions apply to the use of the library's rare books.

PREP.

on ~ that
They agreed to lend us the car on condition that (= only if)we returned it before the weekend.
| on … ~
I'll agree to the scheme on one condition: my name doesn't get mentioned to the press.
| under the ~s of
Under the conditions of the agreement, all foreign troops will leave by May.

PHRASES

a breach of a condition, conditions of employment/sale, terms and conditions
the terms and conditions of the contract

6 necessary situation

ADJ.

necessary, sufficient
a necessary and sufficient condition for the eradication of unemployment

PREP.

~ for

7 state of group

ADJ.

human
Work is basic to the human condition (= the fact of being alive).

VERB + CONDITION

improve
aiming to improve the condition of the urban poor



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