Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
charge
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
charge /tʃɑ:dʤ/
  • danh từ
    • vật mang, vật chở, vật gánh; gánh nặng ((nghĩa đen) & (nghĩa bóng))
      • to be a charge on someone: là gánh nặng cho ai, để cho ai phải nuôi nấng
    • số đạn nạp, số thuốc nạp (vào súng); điện tích (nạp vào ắc quy); sự nạp điện, sự tích điện
    • tiền phải trả, giá tiền, tiền công, tiền thù lao
      • free of charge: không phải trả tiền
      • no charge for admission: vào cửa không mất tiền
      • list of charges: bảng giá (tiền)
    • sự gánh vác (một khoản phí tổn, mọi sự chi phí)
      • to do something at one's own charge: làm việc gì phải gánh vác lấy mọi khoản chi phí
    • nhiệm vụ, bổn phận, trách nhiệm
    • sự trông nom, sự coi sóc
      • to be in charge of somebody: phải trông nom ai
    • người được giao cho trông nom, vật được giao cho trông nom
    • (tôn giáo) những con chiên của cha cố
      • to take charge of something; to take something in charge: chịu trách nhiệm trông nom cái gì
      • to give somebody charge over: giao phó cho ai trông nom (cái gì); giao trách nhiệm cho ai
    • mệnh lệnh, huấn thị, chỉ thị
      • parting charge: những lời huấn thị cuối cùng
    • lời buộc tội; sự buộc tội
      • to bring (lay) a charge against somebody: buộc tội ai
    • cuộc tấn công dữ dội, cuộc đột kích ồ ạt
      • bayonet charge: cuộc tấn công bằng lưỡi lê
    • (quân sự) hiệu lệnh đột kích
    • in charge
      • phụ trách, trưởng, đứng đầu; thường trực, trực
    • the officer in charge: sĩ quan chỉ huy, sĩ quan thường trực
    • to give someone in charge
      • (quân sự) lại tấn công
    • lại tranh luận
    • to take charge
      • đảm đương, chịu trách nhiệm
    • bị buông lơi, bị buông lỏng, không ai điều khiển
      • streering-wheel takes charge: tay lái bị buông lỏng không ai cầm
    • to take in charge
      • bắt, bắt giam
  • ngoại động từ
    • nạp đạn, nạp thuốc (vào súng); nạp điện
    • (nghĩa bóng) tọng vào, nhồi nhét
      • to charge a gun: nạp đạn vào súng
      • to charge a battery: nạp điện ắc quy
      • to charge one's memory with figures: nhồi nhét vào trí nhớ toàn những con số
    • tính giá, đòi trả
      • how much do you charge for mending this pair of shoes?: vá đôi giày này ông tính bao nhiêu?
    • tính vào, bắt phải chịu phí tổn, bắt phải gánh vác; ghi sổ (nợ)
      • please charge these goods to me: làm ơn ghi sổ những món hàng này cho tôi
    • giao nhiệm vụ, giao việc
      • to be charged with an important mission: được giao một sứ mệnh quan trọng
    • buộc tội
      • to be charged with murder: bị buộc tội giết người
    • tấn công, đột kích
      • to charge the enemy: tấn công quân địch
    • bắc (súng...) đặt ngang (ngọn giáo...)
    • tấn công
      • our guerillas charged again and again: du kích của chúng ta tấn công liên tục
    • to charge down upon
      • đâm bổ vào, nhảy xổ vào
Concise Dictionary
charges|charged|chargingtʃɑːdʒ
noun
+(criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense
+the price charged for some article or service
+an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence
+request for payment of a debt
+a impetuous rush toward someone or something
+the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons
+financial liabilities (such as a tax)
+a person committed to your care
+attention and management implying responsibility for safety
+a special assignment that is given to a person or group
+a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
+a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time
+the swift release of a store of affective force
+(psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
+heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
verb
+to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle
+blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
+demand payment
+move quickly and violently
+assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
+file a formal charge against
+make an accusatory claim
+fill or load to capacity
+enter a certain amount as a charge
+cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
+give over to another for care or safekeeping
+pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt
+lie down on command, of hunting dogs
+cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
+place a heraldic bearing on
+provide with munition
+direct into a position for use
+impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
+instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
+instruct or command with authority
+attribute responsibility to
+set or ask for a certain price
+cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
+energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
+saturate

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 load, burden, weight, onus, impediment; care, concern, obligation:
She feared that she would become a charge on her children.
2 price, fee, cost:
What is the charge for admission?
3 debt, debit, expense, assessment, liability:
Any charge against the estate of the deceased will be paid in full.
4 care, custody, protection, guardianship, wardship, supervision, jurisdiction, control, responsibility, safe keeping:
We left the children in the charge of Nanny and Nanny in charge of the children.
5 order, mandate, injunction, precept, command, dictate, direction, instruction, demand, exhortation:
The judge's charge to the jury was to ignore the evidence given by the caretaker.
6 accusation, imputation, indictment, allegation:
The charge is murder. The police decided to drop the charges against him.
7 attack, onset, action, assault, sally, raid, foray, sortie:
At the signal the cavalry began their charge.
v.
8 fill, imbue, load, instil, pervade, permeate, saturate, suffuse:
The air was highly charged with a stench from the kitchen.
9 burden, entrust, commission, assign; afflict, tax:
He was charged with the supervision of all the military schools.
10 command, order, bid, enjoin, exhort, urge, require, instruct, direct:
I charge you not to speak of this matter to anyone.
11 blame, censure, accuse; indict, cite, name; allege, assert:
She charged him with being a hypocrite. He has been charged with assault. It is charged that she was present at the commission of the crime.
12 bill, invoice, assess, debit:
Please charge these items to my account. Do not charge me for merchandise not shipped.
13 ask, demand, claim, require, expect:
How much do they charge for asparagus at the supermarket?
14 attack, assault, storm, assail, do battle (with):
Four thousand horsemen stood ready to charge the enemy.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
money
1 [C, U] ~ (for sth) the amount of money that sb asks for goods and services: We have to make a small charge for refreshments. + admission charges + Delivery is free of charge. - PRICE
2 [C, U] (AmE, informal) = CHARGE ACCOUNT, CREDIT ACCOUNT: Would you like to put that on your charge? + 'Are you paying cash?' 'No, it'll be a charge.'
of crime / sth wrong
3 [C, U] an official claim made by the police that sb has committed a crime: criminal charges + a murder / assault charge + He will be sent back to England to face a charge of (= to be on trial for) armed robbery. + They decided to drop the charges against the newspaper and settle out of court. + After being questioned by the police, she was released without charge. + a charge of theft / rape / attempted murder
4 [C] a statement accusing sb of doing sth wrong or bad: She rejected the charge that the story was untrue. + Be careful you don't leave yourself open to charges of political bias.
responsibility
5 [U] a position of having control over sb/sth; responsibility for sb/sth: She has charge of the day-to-day running of the business. + They left the au pair in charge of the children for a week. + He took charge of the farm after his father's death. + I'm leaving the school in your charge.
6 [C] (formal or humorous) a person that you have responsibility for and care for
electricity
7 [C, U] the amount of electricity that is put into a battery or carried by a substance: a positive / negative charge
rush / attack
8 [C] a sudden rush or violent attack, for example by soldiers, wild animals or players of a game such as football: He led the charge down the field.
explosive
9 [C] the amount of explosive material needed to fire a gun or make an explosion
See also - DEPTH CHARGE
strong feeling
10 [sing.] the power to cause strong feelings: the emotional charge of the piano piece
task
11 [sing.] (formal) a task or duty: His charge was to obtain specific information.
Idioms: bring / press / prefer charges against sb (law) to accuse sb formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in a court of law
get a charge out of sth (AmE) to get a strong feeling of excitement or pleasure from sth
more at REVERSE v.
+ verb
money
1 ~ (sb/sth) for sth
~ (sb) sth (for sth) to ask an amount of money for goods or a service: [VN] What did they charge for the repairs? + The restaurant charged £20 for dinner. + We won't charge you for delivery. + They're charging £3 for the catalogue. + Calls are charged at 36p per minute. + [VNN] He only charged me half price. + [V] Do you think museums should charge for admission? [also V to inf, VN to inf]
2 [VN] ~ sth to sth to record the cost of sth as an amount that sb has to pay: They charge the calls to their credit-card account. + (AmE) Don't worry. I'll charge it (= pay by credit card).
with crime / sth wrong
3 [VN] ~ sb (with sth / with doing sth) to accuse sb formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in a court of law: He was charged with murder. + Several people were arrested but nobody was charged.
4 [VN] ~ sb (with sth / with doing sth) (formal) to accuse sb publicly of doing sth wrong or bad: Opposition MPs charged the minister with neglecting her duty.
rush / attack
5 to rush forward and attack sb/sth: [V] The bull put its head down and charged. + We charged at the enemy. [also VN]
6 [V +adv./prep.] to rush in a particular direction: The children charged down the stairs. + He came charging into my room and demanded to know what was going on.
with responsibility / task
7 [VN] (usually passive) ~ sb with sth (formal) to give sb a responsibility or task: The committee has been charged with the development of sport in the region. + The governing body is charged with managing the school within its budget.
with electricity
8 [VN] ~ (sth) (up) to pass electricity through sth so that it is stored there: Before use, the battery must be charged. + The shaver can be charged up and used when travelling.
with strong feeling
9 [VN] (usually passive) ~ sth (with sth) (written) to fill sb with an emotion: The room was charged with hatred. + a highly charged atmosphere
glass
10 [VN] (BrE, formal) to fill a glass: Please charge your glasses and drink a toast to the bride and groom!
gun
11 [VN] (old use) to load a gun
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 price asked for sth

ADJ.

heavy, high | reasonable, small | minimum | fixed, standard | total | annual, daily, etc. | standing
There is a quarterly standing charge.
| additional, extra, further | admission, bank, call, call-out, cancellation, commission, cover, handling, hire, interest, maintenance, prescription, service

VERB + CHARGE

impose, introduce, levy, make
We make a small charge for wrapping your gift.
| waive
They agreed to waive the cancellation charges.
| incur
All cancellations incur a charge.
| pay | increase | reduce | reverse the ~s
(= when telephoning)

PREP.

at a ~
This service is available at a nominal charge.
| for a ~
The hotel operates a bus service to the village for a small charge.
| ~ for
There is no charge for cashing traveller's cheques.
| ~ on
a charge on company profits

PHRASES

free of charge
(= without any charge)The company will deliver free of charge.

2 official statement accusing sb of a crime

ADJ.

grave, serious | lesser, reduced
He was found guilty on a reduced charge of assault.
| baseless, false, trumped-up | civil, criminal, disciplinary | assault, corruption, drug/drugs, fraud, murder, etc.

VERB + CHARGE

bring, file, lay, level, make
Police have brought a charge of dangerous driving against the man.
| bring, prefer, press
(only used with
charges
)
| drop, withdraw | answer, face
She is almost certain to face criminal charges.
| admit
He has admitted the murder charge.
| deny, dismiss, refute, reject
The prime minister dismissed the charge that he had misled Parliament.
| fabricate, trump up
He accused the government of fabricating the charges for political reasons.
| investigate | prove, substantiate
The charges will be difficult to prove.
| dismiss, throw out
The court dismissed the charge against him.

CHARGE + VERB

allege sth
new charges alleging the misuse of funds

CHARGE + NOUN

sheet
At the police station a charge sheet was made out.

PREP.

on a/the ~
She appeared in court on charges of kidnapping and assault.
| without ~
to be detained/held/released without charge
| ~ against
The charges against you have been dropped.
| ~ of
a charge of armed robbery
| ~ relating to
charges relating to the embezzlement of public funds

PHRASES

bring/prefer/press charges (against sb)
Many victims of crime are reluctant to press charges against their attackers.

3 control

ADJ.

overall
The conductor has overall charge of the train.
| personal
She took personal charge of the files.
| sole
Stephen will resume sole charge for the time being.
| temporary

VERB + CHARGE

have | take
We need somebody to take charge of the financial side.
| resume | place/put sb in
John has been put in charge of marketing.

PREP.

in ~ (of sb/sth)
I need to feel more in charge of my life.
| in/under sb's ~
The child is under my charge until the mother returns from abroad.

4 sudden attack

ADJ.

baton, cavalry
They were driven back by a police baton charge.

VERB + CHARGE

lead
Allen led the charge, but could they get a goal back?
| sound
The bugle sounded the charge.

CHARGE + VERB

drive sb back

verb

1 ask sb to pay money

ADV.

directly

VERB + CHARGE

be entitled to, be free to, have a right to
Firms are free to charge whatever they like for their services.

PREP.

against
Research and development expenditure is charged against profits in the year it is incurred.
| at
Stamp Duty will be charged at one per cent.
| for
We don't charge for delivery.
| on
The bank charges a commission on all foreign currency transactions.
| to
The cost is charged directly to the profit and loss account.

PHRASES

charge sth to sb's account
£50 will be charged to your account.

2 make an official accusation

ADV.

formally | jointly
The teenagers were jointly charged with attempted murder.

PREP.

in connection with
A man has been charged in connection with the attack.
| with
She has not yet been formally charged with the offence.

3 rush/attack

ADV.

headlong | around/round, in, out
The children were all charging around outside.

PREP.

at
I was worried that the animal might charge at us.
| down
I heard the sound of feet charging down the stairs.
| into
She charged into the room.
| out of, through, towards
The rhino charged headlong towards us.
| up



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