English - Vietnamese Dictionary
charge /tʃɑ:dʤ/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- vật mang, vật chở, vật gánh; gánh nặng ((nghĩa đen) & (nghĩa bóng))
- to be a charge on someone: là gánh nặng cho ai, để cho ai phải nuôi nấng
- số đạn nạp, số thuốc nạp (vào súng); điện tích (nạp vào ắc quy); sự nạp điện, sự tích điện
- tiền phải trả, giá tiền, tiền công, tiền thù lao
- free of charge: không phải trả tiền
- no charge for admission: vào cửa không mất tiền
- list of charges: bảng giá (tiền)
- sự gánh vác (một khoản phí tổn, mọi sự chi phí)
- to do something at one's own charge: làm việc gì phải gánh vác lấy mọi khoản chi phí
- nhiệm vụ, bổn phận, trách nhiệm
- sự trông nom, sự coi sóc
- to be in charge of somebody: phải trông nom ai
- người được giao cho trông nom, vật được giao cho trông nom
- (tôn giáo) những con chiên của cha cố
- to take charge of something; to take something in charge: chịu trách nhiệm trông nom cái gì
- to give somebody charge over: giao phó cho ai trông nom (cái gì); giao trách nhiệm cho ai
- mệnh lệnh, huấn thị, chỉ thị
- parting charge: những lời huấn thị cuối cùng
- lời buộc tội; sự buộc tội
- to bring (lay) a charge against somebody: buộc tội ai
- cuộc tấn công dữ dội, cuộc đột kích ồ ạt
- bayonet charge: cuộc tấn công bằng lưỡi lê
- (quân sự) hiệu lệnh đột kích
- in charge
- phụ trách, trưởng, đứng đầu; thường trực, trực
- the officer in charge: sĩ quan chỉ huy, sĩ quan thường trực
- to give someone in charge
- to take charge
- đảm đương, chịu trách nhiệm
- bị buông lơi, bị buông lỏng, không ai điều khiển
- streering-wheel takes charge: tay lái bị buông lỏng không ai cầm
- ngoại động từ
- nạp đạn, nạp thuốc (vào súng); nạp điện
- (nghĩa bóng) tọng vào, nhồi nhét
- to charge a gun: nạp đạn vào súng
- to charge a battery: nạp điện ắc quy
- to charge one's memory with figures: nhồi nhét vào trí nhớ toàn những con số
- tính giá, đòi trả
- how much do you charge for mending this pair of shoes?: vá đôi giày này ông tính bao nhiêu?
- tính vào, bắt phải chịu phí tổn, bắt phải gánh vác; ghi sổ (nợ)
- please charge these goods to me: làm ơn ghi sổ những món hàng này cho tôi
- giao nhiệm vụ, giao việc
- to be charged with an important mission: được giao một sứ mệnh quan trọng
- buộc tội
- to be charged with murder: bị buộc tội giết người
- tấn công, đột kích
- to charge the enemy: tấn công quân địch
- bắc (súng...) đặt ngang (ngọn giáo...)
- tấn công
- our guerillas charged again and again: du kích của chúng ta tấn công liên tục
+(criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense
+the price charged for some article or service
+an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence
+request for payment of a debt
+a impetuous rush toward someone or something
+the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons
+financial liabilities (such as a tax)
+a person committed to your care
+attention and management implying responsibility for safety
+a special assignment that is given to a person or group
+a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
+a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time
+the swift release of a store of affective force
+(psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
+heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
+to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle
+blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
+move quickly and violently
+assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
+file a formal charge against
+make an accusatory claim
+fill or load to capacity
+enter a certain amount as a charge
+cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
+give over to another for care or safekeeping
+pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt
+lie down on command, of hunting dogs
+cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
+place a heraldic bearing on
+provide with munition
+direct into a position for use
+impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
+instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
+instruct or command with authority
+attribute responsibility to
+set or ask for a certain price
+cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
+energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
Advanced English Dictionary
1 load, burden, weight, onus, impediment; care, concern, obligation:
She feared that she would become a charge on her children.
2 price, fee, cost:
What is the charge for admission?
3 debt, debit, expense, assessment, liability:
Any charge against the estate of the deceased will be paid in full.
4 care, custody, protection, guardianship, wardship, supervision, jurisdiction, control, responsibility, safe keeping:
We left the children in the charge of Nanny and Nanny in charge of the children.
5 order, mandate, injunction, precept, command, dictate, direction, instruction, demand, exhortation:
The judge's charge to the jury was to ignore the evidence given by the caretaker.
6 accusation, imputation, indictment, allegation:
The charge is murder. The police decided to drop the charges against him.
7 attack, onset, action, assault, sally, raid, foray, sortie:
At the signal the cavalry began their charge.
8 fill, imbue, load, instil, pervade, permeate, saturate, suffuse:
The air was highly charged with a stench from the kitchen.
9 burden, entrust, commission, assign; afflict, tax:
He was charged with the supervision of all the military schools.
10 command, order, bid, enjoin, exhort, urge, require, instruct, direct:
I charge you not to speak of this matter to anyone.
11 blame, censure, accuse; indict, cite, name; allege, assert:
She charged him with being a hypocrite. He has been charged with assault. It is charged that she was present at the commission of the crime.
12 bill, invoice, assess, debit:
Please charge these items to my account. Do not charge me for merchandise not shipped.
13 ask, demand, claim, require, expect:
How much do they charge for asparagus at the supermarket?
14 attack, assault, storm, assail, do battle (with):
Four thousand horsemen stood ready to charge the enemy.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 [C, U] ~ (for sth) the amount of money that sb asks for goods and services: We have to make a small charge for refreshments. + admission charges + Delivery is free of charge. - PRICE
2 [C, U] (AmE, informal) = CHARGE ACCOUNT, CREDIT ACCOUNT: Would you like to put that on your charge? + 'Are you paying cash?' 'No, it'll be a charge.'
of crime / sth wrong
3 [C, U] an official claim made by the police that sb has committed a crime: criminal charges + a murder / assault charge + He will be sent back to England to face a charge of (= to be on trial for) armed robbery. + They decided to drop the charges against the newspaper and settle out of court. + After being questioned by the police, she was released without charge. + a charge of theft / rape / attempted murder
4 [C] a statement accusing sb of doing sth wrong or bad: She rejected the charge that the story was untrue. + Be careful you don't leave yourself open to charges of political bias.
5 [U] a position of having control over sb/sth; responsibility for sb/sth: She has charge of the day-to-day running of the business. + They left the au pair in charge of the children for a week. + He took charge of the farm after his father's death. + I'm leaving the school in your charge.
6 [C] (formal or humorous) a person that you have responsibility for and care for
7 [C, U] the amount of electricity that is put into a battery or carried by a substance: a positive / negative charge
rush / attack
8 [C] a sudden rush or violent attack, for example by soldiers, wild animals or players of a game such as football: He led the charge down the field.
9 [C] the amount of explosive material needed to fire a gun or make an explosion
See also - DEPTH CHARGE
10 [sing.] the power to cause strong feelings: the emotional charge of the piano piece
11 [sing.] (formal) a task or duty: His charge was to obtain specific information.
Idioms: bring / press / prefer charges against sb (law) to accuse sb formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in a court of law
get a charge out of sth (AmE) to get a strong feeling of excitement or pleasure from sth
more at REVERSE v.
1 ~ (sb/sth) for sth
~ (sb) sth (for sth) to ask an amount of money for goods or a service: [VN] What did they charge for the repairs? + The restaurant charged £20 for dinner. + We won't charge you for delivery. + They're charging £3 for the catalogue. + Calls are charged at 36p per minute. + [VNN] He only charged me half price. + [V] Do you think museums should charge for admission? [also V to inf, VN to inf]
2 [VN] ~ sth to sth to record the cost of sth as an amount that sb has to pay: They charge the calls to their credit-card account. + (AmE) Don't worry. I'll charge it (= pay by credit card).
with crime / sth wrong
3 [VN] ~ sb (with sth / with doing sth) to accuse sb formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in a court of law: He was charged with murder. + Several people were arrested but nobody was charged.
4 [VN] ~ sb (with sth / with doing sth) (formal) to accuse sb publicly of doing sth wrong or bad: Opposition MPs charged the minister with neglecting her duty.
rush / attack
5 to rush forward and attack sb/sth: [V] The bull put its head down and charged. + We charged at the enemy. [also VN]
6 [V +adv./prep.] to rush in a particular direction: The children charged down the stairs. + He came charging into my room and demanded to know what was going on.
with responsibility / task
7 [VN] (usually passive) ~ sb with sth (formal) to give sb a responsibility or task: The committee has been charged with the development of sport in the region. + The governing body is charged with managing the school within its budget.
8 [VN] ~ (sth) (up) to pass electricity through sth so that it is stored there: Before use, the battery must be charged. + The shaver can be charged up and used when travelling.
with strong feeling
9 [VN] (usually passive) ~ sth (with sth) (written) to fill sb with an emotion: The room was charged with hatred. + a highly charged atmosphere
10 [VN] (BrE, formal) to fill a glass: Please charge your glasses and drink a toast to the bride and groom!
11 [VN] (old use) to load a gun
1 price asked for sth
heavy, high | reasonable, small | minimum | fixed, standard | total | annual, daily, etc. | standing
There is a quarterly standing charge.
| additional, extra, further | admission, bank, call, call-out, cancellation, commission, cover, handling, hire, interest, maintenance, prescription, service
VERB + CHARGE
impose, introduce, levy, make
We make a small charge for wrapping your gift.
They agreed to waive the cancellation charges.
All cancellations incur a charge.
| pay | increase | reduce | reverse the ~s
(= when telephoning)
at a ~
This service is available at a nominal charge.
| for a ~
The hotel operates a bus service to the village for a small charge.
| ~ for
There is no charge for cashing traveller's cheques.
| ~ on
a charge on company profits
free of charge
(= without any charge)The company will deliver free of charge.
2 official statement accusing sb of a crime
grave, serious | lesser, reduced
He was found guilty on a reduced charge of assault.
| baseless, false, trumped-up | civil, criminal, disciplinary | assault, corruption, drug/drugs, fraud, murder, etc.
VERB + CHARGE
bring, file, lay, level, make
Police have brought a charge of dangerous driving against the man.
| bring, prefer, press
(only used with
| drop, withdraw | answer, face
She is almost certain to face criminal charges.
He has admitted the murder charge.
| deny, dismiss, refute, reject
The prime minister dismissed the charge that he had misled Parliament.
| fabricate, trump up
He accused the government of fabricating the charges for political reasons.
| investigate | prove, substantiate
The charges will be difficult to prove.
| dismiss, throw out
The court dismissed the charge against him.
CHARGE + VERB
new charges alleging the misuse of funds
CHARGE + NOUN
At the police station a charge sheet was made out.
on a/the ~
She appeared in court on charges of kidnapping and assault.
| without ~
to be detained/held/released without charge
| ~ against
The charges against you have been dropped.
| ~ of
a charge of armed robbery
| ~ relating to
charges relating to the embezzlement of public funds
bring/prefer/press charges (against sb)
Many victims of crime are reluctant to press charges against their attackers.
The conductor has overall charge of the train.
She took personal charge of the files.
Stephen will resume sole charge for the time being.
VERB + CHARGE
have | take
We need somebody to take charge of the financial side.
| resume | place/put sb in
John has been put in charge of marketing.
in ~ (of sb/sth)
I need to feel more in charge of my life.
| in/under sb's ~
The child is under my charge until the mother returns from abroad.
4 sudden attack
They were driven back by a police baton charge.
VERB + CHARGE
Allen led the charge, but could they get a goal back?
The bugle sounded the charge.
CHARGE + VERB
drive sb backverb
1 ask sb to pay money
VERB + CHARGE
be entitled to, be free to, have a right to
Firms are free to charge whatever they like for their services.
Research and development expenditure is charged against profits in the year it is incurred.
Stamp Duty will be charged at one per cent.
We don't charge for delivery.
The bank charges a commission on all foreign currency transactions.
The cost is charged directly to the profit and loss account.
charge sth to sb's account
£50 will be charged to your account.
2 make an official accusation
formally | jointly
The teenagers were jointly charged with attempted murder.
in connection with
A man has been charged in connection with the attack.
She has not yet been formally charged with the offence.
headlong | around/round, in, out
The children were all charging around outside.
I was worried that the animal might charge at us.
I heard the sound of feet charging down the stairs.
She charged into the room.
| out of, through, towards
The rhino charged headlong towards us.
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