Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
burden /'bə:dn/ (burthen) /'bə:ðən/
  • danh từ
    • gánh nặng ((nghĩa đen) & (nghĩa bóng))
      • to bend beneath the burden: còng xuống vì gánh nặng
      • to be a burden to someone: là gánh nặng cho ai
    • (hàng hải) sức chở, trọng tải (của tàu)
      • a ship of a thousand tons burden: tàu sức chở một nghìn tấn
    • món chi tiêu bắt buộc
    • đoạn điệp (bài bát)
    • ý chính, chủ đề (bài thơ, cuốn sách)
    • beast of burden
      • súc vật thồ
    • (nghĩa bóng) thân trâu ngựa
    • ngoại động từ
      • chất nặng lên; đè nặng lên ((nghĩa đen) & (nghĩa bóng))
        • to be burdened with debts: nợ nần chồng chất
    Concise Dictionary
    +an onerous or difficult concern
    +weight to be borne or conveyed
    +the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
    +the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse
    +weight down with a load
    +impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 load, weight, gravamen; strain, pressure, trouble, onus, millstone, cross, albatross:
    The old man put down his burden. The burden of the evidence is against them. His feeling of guilt over her death in the crash was a terrible burden to bear.
    2 load, weigh down, saddle with, encumber; tax, oppress:
    The mules were heavily burdened with a month's supply of food. Don't burden me with your problems.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    1 the ~ (of sth)
    a ~ (on / to sb) a duty, responsibility, etc. that causes worry, difficulty or hard work: to bear / carry / ease / reduce / share the burden + The main burden of caring for old people falls on the state. + the heavy tax burden on working people + I don't want to become a burden to my children when I'm old.
    2 (formal) a heavy load that is difficult to carry
    See also - BEAST OF BURDEN
    + verb [VN]
    1 ~ sb / yourself (with sth) to give sb a duty, responsibility, etc. that causes worry, difficulty or hard work: They have burdened themselves with a high mortgage. + I don't want to burden you with my worries. + to be burdened by high taxation
    Antonym: UNBURDEN
    2 (be burdened with sth) to be carrying sth heavy: She got off the bus, burdened with two heavy suitcases.
    Collocation Dictionary

    1 responsibility/worry


    great, heavy, onerous | crippling, intolerable | administrative, economic, financial, tax


    bear, carry
    The manager carries the greatest burden of responsibility.
    | assume, shoulder, take on
    She had to shoulder the burden of childcare.
    | impose, place
    His illness placed an intolerable burden on his family.
    | increase | ease, lighten, reduce, relieve | lift, remove
    The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.
    | shift
    plans to shift the burden of taxation onto larger companies
    | share
    I need to share my burden with someone.


    fall on sb/sth
    The economic burden falls mainly on businesses.


    ~ for
    a burden for the whole family
    | ~ of
    the burden of high taxation
    | ~ on/upon
    easing the financial burden on families
    | ~ to
    She felt she was a burden to her parents.


    the burden of proof
    (law) (= the responsibility of proving that sth is true)The burden of proof falls on the prosecution: the accused is presumed innocent until proved guilty.
    | have a burden on your shoulders
    He has the burden of a large family on his shoulders.
    | lift a burden from sb's shoulders

    2 heavy load


    The women carried their burdens on their backs.
    | pick up | lay down, put down


    a beast of burden
    (= an animal used to do heavy work such as pulling or carrying things)

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