| English - Vietnamese Dictionary
block /blɔk/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- khối, tảng, súc (đá, gỗ...)
- cái thớt, đon kê, tấm gỗ kê để chặt đầu (người bị tử hình)
- khuôn (mũ); đầu giả (để trưng bày mũ, tóc giả...)
- khuôn nhà lớn, nhà khối (ở giữa bốn con đường)
- vật chương ngại; sự trở ngại; sự tắc nghẽn, sự tắc nghẽn xe cộ
- lô đất (chính phủ cấp cho tư nhân); (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) khoảnh đất trong thành phố
- (ngành đường sắt) đoạn đường; đoàn toa xe
- (thể dục,thể thao) sự chặn, sự cản (bóng, đối phương)
- thông cáo phản đối một dự luật (nghị viện)
- (úc) đường phố lớn có nhiều người đi dạo
- (từ lóng) cái đầu (người)
- ngoại động từ
- làm trở ngại (sự đi lại); ngăn chận
- làm trở ngại sự thi hành; chặn đứng (một kế hoạch)
- to block the enemy's plant: chặn đứng những kế hoạch của địch
- (thể dục,thể thao) chặn cản (bóng, đối phương)
- hạn chế chi tiêu, hạn chế việc sử dụng (vốn)
- phản đối (dự luật ở nghị viện)
- rập chữ nổi (bìa sách, da
- to block out a plan: phác ra một kế hoạch
- to block in a pictủe: vẽ phác một bức tranh
+a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides)
+a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings
+a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides
+a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit
+housing in a large building that is divided into separate units
+(computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted
+an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension
+a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope
+a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine
+an obstruction in a pipe or tube
+a platform from which an auctioneer sells
+the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
+render unsuitable for passage
+hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
+stop from happening or developing
+interfere with or prevent the reception of signals
+run on a block system
+interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia
+shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight
+stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block
+block passage through
+support, secure, or raise with a block
+impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball)
+be unable to remember
+shape by using a block
+shape into a block or blocks
+prohibit the conversion or use of (assets)
Advanced English Dictionary
1 piece, chunk, hunk, lump, slab; stump; brick, cube:
The figure is carved out of a solid block of stone.
2 bar, obstacle, obstruction, hindrance, stumbling-block, deterrent, impediment, barrier:
Her arrival should be no block to your leaving.
3 obstruct, close off, barricade; bar, shut off; hinder, hamper, balk, impede, prevent:
Entry to the playing field was blocked by the police.
4 block out.
(a) rough out, design, outline, sketch, lay out, plan:
The colonel blocked out a strategy for our escape.
(b) mask, screen, blank (out), erase, eliminate, exclude, blot out, deny:
She has blocked out that part of her life from her mind.
5 block (up). stuff (up), congest, clog, Colloq Brit bung up:
My nose is all blocked up because of this awful cold.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 [C] a large piece of a solid material that is square in shape and usually has flat sides: a block of ice / concrete / stone + a chopping block (= for cutting food on)
See also - BREEZE BLOCK, BUILDING BLOCK, CINDER BLOCK
2 (the block) [sing.] (in the past) the piece of wood on which a person's head was cut off as a punishment
3 [C] (BrE) a tall building that contains flats or offices; buildings that form part of a school, hospital, etc. which are used for a particular purpose: a tower block + a block of flats + an office block + the university's science block
4 [C] a group of buildings with streets on all sides: She took the dog for a walk around the block.
5 [C] (AmE) the length of one side of a piece of land or group of buildings, from the place where one street crosses it to the next: His apartment is three blocks away from the police station.
area of land
6 [C] (especially AmE) a large area of land
7 [C] a quantity of sth or an amount of time that is considered as a single unit: a block of shares + a block of text in a document + (BrE) The theatre gives discounts for block bookings (= a large number of tickets bought at the same time). + The three-hour class is divided into four blocks of 45 minutes each.
that stops progress
8 [C, usually sing.] something that makes movement or progress difficult or impossible
Lack of training acts as a block to progress in a career. + Tony had writer's block for two years (= he couldn't write anything).
See also - ROADBLOCK, STUMBLING BLOCK
9 [C] a movement that stops another player from going forward
10 (the blocks) [pl.] = STARTING BLOCKS
Idioms: go on the block to be sold, especially at an AUCTION (= a sale in which items are sold to the person who offers the most money)
put / lay your head / neck on the block to risk losing your job, damaging your reputation, etc. by doing or saying sth: It's not a matter that I'm prepared to put my head on the block for.
more at CHIP n., KNOCK v.
+ verb [VN]
1 to stop sth from moving or flowing through a pipe, a passage, a road, etc. by putting sth in it or across it: After today's heavy snow, many roads are still blocked. + a blocked sink
2 ~ sb's way, exit, view, etc. to stop sb from going somewhere or seeing sth by standing in front of them or in their way: One of the guards moved to block her path. + An ugly new building blocked the view from the window. + His way was blocked by two large bouncers.
3 to prevent sth from happening, developing or making progress: The proposed merger has been blocked by the government.
4 to stop a ball, blow, etc. from reaching somewhere by moving in front of it: Zola's shot was blocked by the goalie.
Phrasal Verbs: block sb/sth<->in to prevent a car from being able to be driven away by parking too close to it: He found that his car had been blocked in.
block sth<->in to draw or paint sth roughly, without showing any detail: I have blocked in the shapes of the larger buildings.
block sth<->off to close a road or an opening by placing a barrier at one end or in front of it: The main roads of the city have been blocked off.
1 to stop light or noise from coming in: Black clouds blocked out the sun. + He put his hands over his ears to block out the noise.
2 to stop yourself from thinking about or remembering sth unpleasant: Over the years she had tried to block out that part of her life.
block sth<->up to completely fill a hole or an opening and so prevent anything from passing through it: One door had been blocked up. + My nose is blocked up.
1 solid piece of sth
big, huge, large, massive | small | solid | concrete, stone, wooden | building | starting (for a runner)
aiming to be first out of the starting blocks
2 large building divided into offices/flats
high-rise, tower | administration, apartment, cell, office
The prisoners had been transferred to a different cell block.
in a/the ~
She lives in a modern apartment block.
| ~ of
a block of flats
3 temporary loss of abilities
The author denies that she is experiencing writer's block.
VERB + BLOCK
experience, have, suffer from
I suddenly had a mental block and couldn't remember his name. verb
1 make it difficult to pass
completely | almost | partially, partly | off, up
The old route is completely blocked off. Don't block up the corridor with all these boxes.
VERB + BLOCK
try to | move to
One of the men moved to block their path.
The exit was blocked with beer crates.
2 prevent sth being done
successfully | effectively
The new rules would effectively block protesters' attempts to assert their rights.
VERB + BLOCK
attempt to, seek to, try to | move to
The group has moved to block the government's proposals.
PHRASAL VERBS block sth out
Black clouds had completely blocked out the sun.
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