| English - Vietnamese Dictionary
be /bi:/Concise Dictionary
- (bất qui tắc) nội động từ & trợ động từ (số ít was, số nhiều were, been)
- thì, là
- the earth is round: quả đất (thì) tròn
- he is a teacher: anh ta là giáo viên
- có, tồn tại, ở, sống
- there is a concert today: hôm nay có một buổi hoà nhạc
- are you often in town?: anh thường có ở tỉnh không
- to be or not to be, that is the question: sống hay là chết đây, đó là vấn đề
- trở nên, trở thành
- they'll be linguists in some years time: vài năm nữa họ sẽ trở thành những nhà ngôn ngữ học
- xảy ra, diễn ra
- when is the wedding to be: bao giờ đám cưới sẽ cử hành
- this book is five pence: cuốn sách này giá năm xu
- be to phải, định, sẽ
- what time am I to come?: mấy giờ tôi phải đến
- he is to leave for Hanoi tomorrow: ngày mai nó sẽ đi Hà nội
- (+ động tính từ hiện tại) đang
- they are doing their work: họ đang làm việc của họ
- (+ động tính từ quá khứ) bị, được
- the boy is scolded by his mother: đứa bé bị mẹ mắng
- the house is being built: ngôi nhà đang được xây
- I've been to Peking once: tôi đã đi Bắc kinh một lần
- has anyone been during my absence?: trong khi tôi đi vắng có ai đến không?
- he's been and took my books: (thông tục) cái thằng ấy đã đến lấy mất sách của mình
am|are|been|is|was|were|beingbiː;bɪAdvanced English Dictionary
+a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element
+have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
+be identical to; be someone or something
+occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere
+have an existence, be extant
+happen, occur, take place
+be identical or equivalent to
+form or compose
+work in a specific place, with a specific subject, or in a specific function
+represent, as of a character on stage
+spend or use time
+have life, be alive
+to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form
+be priced at
verb, auxiliary verb
1 linking verb [V-N] there is / are to exist; to be present: Is there a God? + Once upon a time there was a princess ... + I tried phoning but there was no answer. + There's a bank down the road. + Was there a pool at the hotel?
2 [V +adv./prep.] to be situated; to be in a place: The town is three miles away. + If you're looking for your file, it's on the table. + Mary's upstairs.
3 [V +adv./prep.] to happen at a time or in a place: The party is on Friday evening. + The meetings are always in the main conference room.
4 [V +adv./prep.] to remain in a place: She has been in her room for hours. + They're here till Christmas.
5 [V +adv./prep.] to attend an event; to be present in a place: I'll be at the party. + He'll be here soon (= will arrive soon).
6 [V +adv./prep.] (only used in the perfect tenses) to visit or call: I've never been to Spain. + He had been abroad many times. + (BrE) Has the postman been yet? + (AmE) Has the mailman come yet?
7 [V] ~ from ... used to say what sb's native country, home town, etc. is: She's from Italy.
8 linking verb used when you are naming people or things, describing them or giving more information about them: [V-N] Today is Monday. + 'Who is that?' 'It's my brother.' + She's a great beauty. + Susan is a doctor. + He wants to be (= become) a pilot when he grows up. + [V-ADJ] It's beautiful! + Life is unfair. + He is ten years old. + 'How are you?' 'I'm very well, thanks.' + Be quick! + [V (that)] The fact is (that) we don't have enough money. + [V -ing, V to inf] The problem is getting it all done in the time available. + The problem is to get it all done in the time available.
9 linking verb it is / was used when you are describing a situation or saying what you think about it: [V-ADJ] It was really hot in the sauna. + It's strange how she never comes to see us any more. + He thinks it's clever to make fun of people. + [V-N] It would be a shame if you lost it. + It's going to be a great match.
10 linking verb it is / was used to talk about time: [V-N] It's two thirty. + [V-ADJ] It was late at night when we finally arrived.
11 linking verb [V-N] used to say what sth is made of: Is your jacket real leather?
12 linking verb [V] ~ mine, yours, etc.
~ for me, you, etc. used to say who sth belongs to or who it is intended for: The money's not yours, it's John's. + This package is for you.
13 linking verb [V-N] to cost: 'How much is that dress?' 'Eighty dollars.'
14 linking verb [V-N] to be equal to: Three and three is six. + How much is a thousand pounds in euros? + Let x be the sum of a and b. + London is not England (= do not think that all of England is like London).
15 linking verb [V-N] ~ everything, nothing, etc. (to sb) used to say how important sth is to sb: Money isn't everything (= it is not the only important thing). + A thousand dollars is nothing to somebody as rich as he is.
Idioms: Most idioms containing be are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example be the death of sb is at death.
the be-all and end-all (of sth) (informal) the most important part; all that matters: Her career is the be-all and end-all of her existence.
as / that was as sb/sth used to be called: Jill Davis that was (= before her marriage) + the Soviet Union, as was
(he, she, etc. has) been and done sth (BrE, informal) used to show that you are surprised and annoyed by sth that sb has done: Someone's been and parked in front of the entrance!
See also - GO AND DO STH at GO
if it wasn't / weren't for ... used to say that sb/sth stopped sb/sth from happening: If it weren't for you, I wouldn't be alive today.
leave / let sb/sth be to leave sb/sth alone without disturbing them or it: Leave her be, she obviously doesn't want to talk about it. + Let the poor dog be (= don't annoy it).
-to-be (in compounds) future: his bride-to-be + mothers-to-be (= pregnant women)
1 used with a past participle to form the passive: He was killed in the war. + Where were they made? + The house was still being built. + You will be told what to do.
2 used with a present participle to form progressive tenses: I am studying Chinese. + I'll be seeing him soon. + What have you been doing this week? + I'm always being criticized.
3 used to make QUESTION TAGS (= short questions added to the end of statements): You're not hungry, are you? + Ben's coming, isn't he? + The old theatre was pulled down, wasn't it?
4 used to avoid repeating the full form of a verb in the passive or a progressive tense: Karen wasn't beaten in any of her games, but all the others were. + 'Are you coming with us?' 'No, I'm not.'
5 ~ to do sth used to say what must or should be done: I am to call them once I reach the airport. + You are to report this to the police. + What is to be done about this problem?
6 ~ to do sth used to say what is arranged to happen: They are to be married in June.
7 ~ to do sth used to say what happened later: He was to regret that decision for the rest of his life (= he did regret it).
8 ~ not, never, etc. to be done used to say what could not or did not happen: Anna was nowhere to be found (= we could not find her anywhere). + He was never to see his wife again (= although he did not know it would be so at the time, he did not see her again). + She wanted to write a successful novel, but it was not to be (= it turned out never to happen).
9 if sb / it were to do sth ...
were sb / it to do sth ... (formal) used to express a condition: If we were to offer you more money, would you stay? + Were we to offer you more money, would you stay?
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