Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
background
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
background /'bækgraund/
  • danh từ
    • phía sau
    • nền
      • a dress with red sports on a white background: áo nền trắng chấm đỏ
    • tình trạng không có tên tuổi; địa vị không quan trọng
    • kiến thức; quá trình đào tạo; quá trình học hành; kinh nghiệm
    • (điện ảnh), radiô nhạc nền
    • to keep (stay, be) in the background
      • tránh mặt
Concise Dictionary
backgroundsnoun
+a person's social heritage: previous experience or training
+the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground
+information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
+extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured
+relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation
+the state of the environment in which a situation exists
+(computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear
+scenery hung at back of stage
verb
+understate the importance or quality of
Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 history, experience, qualifications, credentials, grounding, training; breeding, upbringing, family; curriculum vitae, Colloq CV:
His background suits him admirably for the post of ambassador.
2 distance, offing, horizon, obscurity:
I like the way the coastline disappears into the background towards the edge of the painting.
3 in the background. inconspicuous, unnoticed, unobtrusive, behind the scenes, out of the limelight or spotlight, unseen, out of the public eye, backstage:
Edward prefers to remain in the background, letting his dealer bid at the auctions.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ noun
family / education, etc.
1 [C] the details of a person's family, education, experience etc: a person's family / social / cultural / educational / class background + The job would suit someone with a business background. + In spite of their very different backgrounds, they immediately became friends.
past
2 [C, usually sing, U] the circumstances or past events which help explain why sth is how it is; information about these: the historical background to the war + background information / knowledge + The elections are taking place against a background of violence. + Can you give me more background on the company's financial position?
of picture / photo
3 [C, usually sing.] the part of a picture, photograph or view behind the main objects, people, etc: a photograph with trees in the background
Compare: FOREGROUND
less important position
4 [sing.] a position in which people are not paying attention to sb/sth or not as much attention as they are paying to sb/sth else: He prefers to remain in the background and let his assistant talk to the press. + A piano tinkled gently in the background. + background music + There was a lot of background noise (= that you could hear, but were not listening to).
Compare: FOREGROUND
colour under sth
5 [C, usually sing.] a colour or design on which sth is painted, drawn, etc: The name of the company is written in red on a white background.
Idioms see MERGE
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 type of family/social class sb comes from

ADJ.

broad, narrow
It is important to have a broad educational background.
| mixed | privileged, wealthy | deprived, disadvantaged, poor | middle class, upper class, working class | academic, class, cultural, educational, ethnic, family, military, professional, religious, social, socio-economic

VERB + BACKGROUND

come from, have
He came from a very privileged background.
| be drawn from
The students are drawn from very mixed social backgrounds.

BACKGROUND + VERB

be in sth
Her background was in biology and medicine.

PREP.

from a ~
children from deprived backgrounds
| with a ~
an economist with a background in business
| ~ in

PHRASES

a range/variety of backgrounds

2 facts connected with a situation/event

ADJ.

general | factual | cultural, economic, historical, political, technical

VERB + BACKGROUND

describe, give (sb), outline, provide (sb with)
The book provides the background to the revolution.
| form
Those discussions formed the background to the decision.

BACKGROUND + NOUN

information, knowledge, reading
background information on the country

PREP.

against the ~
Against that general background I shall give you a more detailed view of current medical practice.
| ~ to
the technical background to the report

3 part of a view/picture behind the main parts

PREP.

against a/the ~
The areas of water stood out against the dark background.
| in the ~
The mountains in the background were capped with snow.
| on a/the ~
bright blue on a red background

4 position in which sb/sth is not important/noticed

VERB + BACKGROUND

blend into, fade into, melt/merge into, recede/retreat into, slip into
The dispute over the new contract allowed her other problems to fade into the background. He had learnt how to melt invisibly into the background.
| keep/remain/stay in
He prefers to remain in the background and let his assistant deal with the press.
| hover in
I could see my secretary hovering in the background.

BACKGROUND + NOUN

music, noise, radiation

PREP.

in the ~
There was a radio on in the background.



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