Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
afraid
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
afraid /ə'freid/
  • tính từ
    • sợ, hãi, hoảng, hoảng sợ
      • we are not afraid of dificulties: chúng ta không sợ khó khăn
      • to be afraid of someone: sợ ai; ngại lấy làm tiếc
      • I am afraid I cannot lend you the book: tôi lấy làm tiếc không cho anh mượn quyển sách đó được
      • I'm afraid [that] it will happen: tôi e rằng việc đó sẽ xảy ra
Concise Dictionary
ə'freɪd
adj.
+filled with fear or apprehension
+filled with regret or concern; used often to soften an unpleasant statement
+feeling worry or concern or insecurity
+having feelings of aversion or unwillingness

Thesaurus Dictionary
adj.
1 fearful, frightened, scared, intimidated, apprehensive, lily-livered, white-livered, terrified, panic-stricken, faint-hearted, weak-kneed, timid, timorous, nervous, anxious, jittery, on edge, edgy, jumpy; cowardly, pusillanimous, craven, Colloq yellow:
Don't be afraid, the dog won't bite you.
2 sorry, unhappy, regretful, apologetic, rueful:
I'm afraid I cannot help you find a cheap flat in London.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ adjective [not before noun]
1 ~ (of sb/sth)
~ (of doing sth)
~ (to do sth) feeling fear; frightened because you think that you might be hurt or suffer: Don't be afraid. + It's all over. There's nothing to be afraid of now. + Are you afraid of spiders? + I started to feel afraid of going out alone at night. + She was afraid to open the door.
2 ~ of doing sth
~ to do sth
~ (that ...) worried about what might happen: She was afraid of upsetting her parents. + Don't be afraid to ask if you don't understand. + The boy wasn't afraid to say what he believed. + Tamsin was afraid of making a fool of herself. + We were afraid (that) we were going to capsize the boat.
3 ~ for sb/sth worried or frightened that sth unpleasant, dangerous, etc. will happen to a particular person or thing: I'm not afraid for me, but for the baby. + They had already fired three people and he was afraid for his job.
Idioms: I'm afraid (spoken) used as a polite way of telling sb sth that is unpleasant or disappointing, or that you are sorry about: I can't help you, I'm afraid. + I'm afraid we can't come. + I'm afraid that it's not finished yet, Mr Lewis. + 'Is there any left?' 'I'm afraid not.' + 'Will it hurt?' 'I'm afraid so.'
WHICH WORD?

afraid / frightened / scared
Be afraid/frightened/scared all mean that you feel fear: I've never been so frightened in my life!
Scared is very common in informal speech and is often used to describe small fears: Dad was driving very fast and we were a bit scared. Afraid is more formal and less common.
+ of afraid/frightened/scared of sb/sth means that you feel fear when you see or experience something: I'm afraid of snakes.
+ for afraid/frightened/scared for sb/sth means that you are worried that something unpleasant may happen to somebody: I was frightened for his safety.
Sometimes about is used with frightened and scared, but not with afraid: I'm scared about going to the city again.
You can use very, a bit, too, etc. with frightened and scared, but not with afraid.
+ noun a frightened/scared child. You cannot use afraid in front of a noun.
Collocation Dictionary
adj

VERBS

be, feel, look, seem | become, grow | make sb
What has made you so deeply afraid of your boss?

ADV.

deeply, desperately, extremely, horribly, mortally, really, terribly, very | almost
She was tense, almost afraid to open the letter.
| a bit, half, a little, rather, slightly
He was half afraid to look at her.
| just, simply
You do know, don't you? You are just afraid to tell me.
| genuinely | suddenly
He stopped abruptly, suddenly afraid to say the words out loud.
| physically

PREP.

for
Roger was very afraid for her.
| of
Charlie is afraid of marriage.

PHRASES

nothing to be afraid of
Don't worry. There's nothing to be afraid of.


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