English - Vietnamese Dictionary
afraid /ə'freid/Concise Dictionary
- tính từ
- sợ, hãi, hoảng, hoảng sợ
- we are not afraid of dificulties: chúng ta không sợ khó khăn
- to be afraid of someone: sợ ai; ngại lấy làm tiếc
- I am afraid I cannot lend you the book: tôi lấy làm tiếc không cho anh mượn quyển sách đó được
- I'm afraid [that] it will happen: tôi e rằng việc đó sẽ xảy ra
+filled with fear or apprehension
+filled with regret or concern; used often to soften an unpleasant statement
+feeling worry or concern or insecurity
+having feelings of aversion or unwillingness
Advanced English Dictionary
1 fearful, frightened, scared, intimidated, apprehensive, lily-livered, white-livered, terrified, panic-stricken, faint-hearted, weak-kneed, timid, timorous, nervous, anxious, jittery, on edge, edgy, jumpy; cowardly, pusillanimous, craven, Colloq yellow:
Don't be afraid, the dog won't bite you.
2 sorry, unhappy, regretful, apologetic, rueful:
I'm afraid I cannot help you find a cheap flat in London.
+ adjective [not before noun]Collocation Dictionary
1 ~ (of sb/sth)
~ (of doing sth)
~ (to do sth) feeling fear; frightened because you think that you might be hurt or suffer: Don't be afraid. + It's all over. There's nothing to be afraid of now. + Are you afraid of spiders? + I started to feel afraid of going out alone at night. + She was afraid to open the door.
2 ~ of doing sth
~ to do sth
~ (that ...) worried about what might happen: She was afraid of upsetting her parents. + Don't be afraid to ask if you don't understand. + The boy wasn't afraid to say what he believed. + Tamsin was afraid of making a fool of herself. + We were afraid (that) we were going to capsize the boat.
3 ~ for sb/sth worried or frightened that sth unpleasant, dangerous, etc. will happen to a particular person or thing: I'm not afraid for me, but for the baby. + They had already fired three people and he was afraid for his job.
Idioms: I'm afraid (spoken) used as a polite way of telling sb sth that is unpleasant or disappointing, or that you are sorry about: I can't help you, I'm afraid. + I'm afraid we can't come. + I'm afraid that it's not finished yet, Mr Lewis. + 'Is there any left?' 'I'm afraid not.' + 'Will it hurt?' 'I'm afraid so.'
afraid / frightened / scared
Be afraid/frightened/scared all mean that you feel fear: I've never been so frightened in my life!
Scared is very common in informal speech and is often used to describe small fears: Dad was driving very fast and we were a bit scared. Afraid is more formal and less common.
+ of afraid/frightened/scared of sb/sth means that you feel fear when you see or experience something: I'm afraid of snakes.
+ for afraid/frightened/scared for sb/sth means that you are worried that something unpleasant may happen to somebody: I was frightened for his safety.
Sometimes about is used with frightened and scared, but not with afraid: I'm scared about going to the city again.
You can use very, a bit, too, etc. with frightened and scared, but not with afraid.
+ noun a frightened/scared child. You cannot use afraid in front of a noun.
be, feel, look, seem | become, grow | make sb
What has made you so deeply afraid of your boss?
deeply, desperately, extremely, horribly, mortally, really, terribly, very | almost
She was tense, almost afraid to open the letter.
| a bit, half, a little, rather, slightly
He was half afraid to look at her.
| just, simply
You do know, don't you? You are just afraid to tell me.
| genuinely | suddenly
He stopped abruptly, suddenly afraid to say the words out loud.
Roger was very afraid for her.
Charlie is afraid of marriage.
nothing to be afraid of
Don't worry. There's nothing to be afraid of.
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