English - Vietnamese Dictionary
advance /əd'vɑ:ns/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- sự tiến lên, sự tiến tới, sự tiến bộ
- sự đề bạt, sự thăng, chức
- tiền đặt trước, tiền trả trước
- sự theo đuổi, sự làm thân
- advance copy
- bản (sách, tài liệu, ...) đưa (cho tác giả...) trước khi xuất bản
- to pay in advance: trả tiền trước
- Marx's ideas ưere in advance of his age: những tư tưởng của Mác đã đi trước thời đại của người
- ngoại động từ
- đưa lên, đưa ra phía trước
- đề xuất, đưa ra
- to advance an opinion: đưa ra một ý kiến
- đề bạt, thăng chức (cho ai)
- làm cho tiến bộ, làm tiến mau (khoa học...)
- tăng, tăng lên
- to advance a price: tăng giá
- trả trước, đặt trước
- to advance a money: đặt tiền trước
- nội động từ
- tiến lên, tiến tới, tiến bộ
- to advance in one's studies: tiến bộ trong học tập
- to advance in the world: đang lên, đang tiến bộ
- tăng, tăng lên
- to advance in price: giá tăng lên
+a movement forward
+a change for the better; progress in development
+a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others
+the act of moving forward toward a goal
+an amount paid before it is earned
+increase in price or value
+move forward, also in the metaphorical sense
+bring forward for consideration or acceptance
+increase or raise
+contribute to the progress or growth of
+cause to move forward
+obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
+develop in a positive way
+give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
+pay in advance
+rise in rate or price
+being ahead of time or need
+situated ahead or going before
Advanced English Dictionary
1 move or put or push or go forward; approach:
Man has advanced the frontier of physical science. The battalion advanced towards the fort with guns blazing.
2 further, promote, forward, help, aid, abet, assist, benefit, improve; contribute to:
The terrorists' dynamiting of the school has done nothing to advance their cause.
3 go or move forward, move (onward), go on, proceed, get ahead:
As people advance in life, they acquire what is better than admiration - judgement.
4 hasten, accelerate, speed:
We have advanced the date of our departure from December to October.
5 move up, promote:
In less than a year, Mrs Leland has been advanced from supervisor to manager of the production department.
6 prepay, lend:
Could you advance me some money till pay-day?
7 progress, development, progress, forward movement; improvement, betterment; headway:
Who has done more for the advance of knowledge?
8 rise, increase, appreciation:
Any advance in prices at this time would reduce our sales.
9 prepayment, deposit; loan:
I cannot understand why George is always asking for an advance on his allowance.
10 in advance.
(a) beforehand, ahead (of time), before:
You will have to make reservations well in advance.
(b) before, in front (of), ahead (of), beyond:
The colonel rode in advance of the cavalry.
noun, verb, adjectiveCollocation Dictionary
1 [C] the forward movement of a group of people, especially armed forces: We feared that an advance on the capital would soon follow. + enemy advances
2 [C, U] ~ (in sth) progress or a development in a particular activity or area of understanding: recent advances in medical science + We live in an age of rapid technological advance. + major advances in the field of physics
3 [C, usually sing.] money paid for work before it has been done or money paid earlier than expected: They offered an advance of £4 000 after the signing of the contract. + She asked for an advance on her salary. + The bank will give you an advance of 95% of the purchase price.
4 (advances) [pl.] attempts to start a sexual relationship with sb: He had made advances to one of his students. + She rejected his sexual advances.
5 [C] ~ (on sth) an increase in the price or value of sth: Share prices showed significant advances today.
Idioms: in advance (of sth)
1 before the time that is expected; before sth happens: a week / month / year in advance + The rent is due one month in advance. + It's cheaper if you book the tickets in advance. + People were evacuated from the coastal regions in advance of the hurricane.
2 more developed than sb/sth else: Galileo's ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived.
1 [V] ~ (on / towards sb/sth) to move forward towards sb/sth, often in order to attack or threaten them or it: The mob advanced on us, shouting angrily. + The troops were finally given the order to advance. + They had advanced 20 miles by nightfall. + the advancing Allied troops + She closed the door firmly and advanced towards the desk.
2 if knowledge, technology, etc. advances, it develops and improves: [V] Our knowledge of the disease has advanced considerably over recent years. + [VN] This research has done much to advance our understanding of language learning.
help to succeed
3 [VN] to help sth to succeed
Studying for new qualifications is one way of advancing your career. + They worked together to advance the cause of democracy.
4 ~ sth (to sb)
~ (sb) sth to give sb money before the time it would usually be paid: [VN, VNN] We are willing to advance the money to you. + We will advance you the money.
5 [VN] (formal) to suggest an idea, a theory, or a plan for other people to discuss
Synonym: PUT FORWARD
The article advances a new theory to explain changes in the climate.
6 [VN] (formal) to change the time or date of an event so that it takes place earlier
Synonym: BRING FORWARD
The date of the trial has been advanced by one week.
to later part
7 (formal) to move forward to a later part of sth; to move sth forward to a later part: [V] Users advance through the program by answering a series of questions. + [VN] This button advances the tape to the beginning of the next track.
8 [V] (business) (of prices, costs, etc.) to increase in price or amount: Inflation advanced sharply during the 1980s.
+ adjective [only before noun]
1 done or given before sth is going to happen: Please give us advance warning of any changes to the schedule. + We need advance notice of the numbers involved. + No advance booking is necessary on most departures.
2 ~ party / team a group of people who go somewhere first, before the main group: The advance party for a winter ascent of Mount Everest has arrived in Nepal.
1 forward movement
rapid | Allied, British, German, etc.
VERB + ADVANCE
The regiment made an advance on the enemy lines.
The general ordered an advance to the front line.
| halt, resist, stop
the advance on Leningrad
| to ~, towards ~
the Russian advance towards Berlin
big, considerable, dramatic, enormous, great, spectacular, substantial, tremendous | important, major, notable, remarkable, significant | rapid, steady
rapid advances in science and technology
| recent | economic, educational, medical, political, scientific, social, technical, technological | theoretical
VERB + ADVANCE
We need more money if we are to make any further advances in this area of science.
two major advances in orthopaedic medicine
| on ~
an advance on the existing techniques
| towards ~
an advance towards a better understanding of God
large | cash
VERB + ADVANCE
The publishers have paid me an advance.
| get, receive
an advance of £10,000
| ~ on
He was paid £5,000 as an advance on royalties.
4 advances: sexual
VERB + ADVANCE
He made amorous advances to one of his students.
1 move forward
quickly, rapidly | cautiously, slowly
advancing from the south
The troops advanced into central Europe.
The army advanced on the capital.
He advanced towards me in aggressive style.
considerably, greatly, significantly | rapidly
Society needs to advance beyond prejudice and superstition.
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