Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
advance
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
advance /əd'vɑ:ns/
  • danh từ
    • sự tiến lên, sự tiến tới, sự tiến bộ
    • sự đề bạt, sự thăng, chức
    • sự tăng giá
    • tiền đặt trước, tiền trả trước
    • tiền cho vay
    • sự theo đuổi, sự làm thân
    • (điện học) sự sớm pha
    • advance copy
      • bản (sách, tài liệu, ...) đưa (cho tác giả...) trước khi xuất bản
    • in advance
      • trước, sớm
    • to pay in advance: trả tiền trước
    • in advance of
      • trước, đi trước
    • Marx's ideas ưere in advance of his age: những tư tưởng của Mác đã đi trước thời đại của người
  • ngoại động từ
    • đưa lên, đưa ra phía trước
    • đề xuất, đưa ra
      • to advance an opinion: đưa ra một ý kiến
    • đề bạt, thăng chức (cho ai)
    • làm cho tiến bộ, làm tiến mau (khoa học...)
    • thúc đẩy (sự việc...)
    • tăng, tăng lên
      • to advance a price: tăng giá
    • trả trước, đặt trước
      • to advance a money: đặt tiền trước
    • cho vay (tiền)
    • nội động từ
      • tiến lên, tiến tới, tiến bộ
        • to advance in one's studies: tiến bộ trong học tập
        • to advance in the world: đang lên, đang tiến bộ
      • tăng, tăng lên
        • to advance in price: giá tăng lên
    Concise Dictionary
    advances|advanced|advancingəd'vɑːns
    noun
    +a movement forward
    +a change for the better; progress in development
    +a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others
    +the act of moving forward toward a goal
    +an amount paid before it is earned
    +increase in price or value
    verb
    +move forward, also in the metaphorical sense
    +bring forward for consideration or acceptance
    +increase or raise
    +contribute to the progress or growth of
    +cause to move forward
    +obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
    +develop in a positive way
    +develop further
    +give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
    +pay in advance
    +move forward
    +rise in rate or price
    adj.
    +being ahead of time or need
    +situated ahead or going before

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 move or put or push or go forward; approach:
    Man has advanced the frontier of physical science. The battalion advanced towards the fort with guns blazing.
    2 further, promote, forward, help, aid, abet, assist, benefit, improve; contribute to:
    The terrorists' dynamiting of the school has done nothing to advance their cause.
    3 go or move forward, move (onward), go on, proceed, get ahead:
    As people advance in life, they acquire what is better than admiration - judgement.
    4 hasten, accelerate, speed:
    We have advanced the date of our departure from December to October.
    5 move up, promote:
    In less than a year, Mrs Leland has been advanced from supervisor to manager of the production department.
    6 prepay, lend:
    Could you advance me some money till pay-day?
    n.
    7 progress, development, progress, forward movement; improvement, betterment; headway:
    Who has done more for the advance of knowledge?
    8 rise, increase, appreciation:
    Any advance in prices at this time would reduce our sales.
    9 prepayment, deposit; loan:
    I cannot understand why George is always asking for an advance on his allowance.
    10 in advance.
    (a) beforehand, ahead (of time), before:
    You will have to make reservations well in advance.
    (b) before, in front (of), ahead (of), beyond:
    The colonel rode in advance of the cavalry.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb, adjective
    + noun
    forward movement
    1 [C] the forward movement of a group of people, especially armed forces: We feared that an advance on the capital would soon follow. + enemy advances
    development
    2 [C, U] ~ (in sth) progress or a development in a particular activity or area of understanding: recent advances in medical science + We live in an age of rapid technological advance. + major advances in the field of physics
    money
    3 [C, usually sing.] money paid for work before it has been done or money paid earlier than expected: They offered an advance of £4 000 after the signing of the contract. + She asked for an advance on her salary. + The bank will give you an advance of 95% of the purchase price.
    sexual
    4 (advances) [pl.] attempts to start a sexual relationship with sb: He had made advances to one of his students. + She rejected his sexual advances.
    price increase
    5 [C] ~ (on sth) an increase in the price or value of sth: Share prices showed significant advances today.
    Idioms: in advance (of sth)
    1 before the time that is expected; before sth happens: a week / month / year in advance + The rent is due one month in advance. + It's cheaper if you book the tickets in advance. + People were evacuated from the coastal regions in advance of the hurricane.
    2 more developed than sb/sth else: Galileo's ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived.
    + verb
    move forward
    1 [V] ~ (on / towards sb/sth) to move forward towards sb/sth, often in order to attack or threaten them or it: The mob advanced on us, shouting angrily. + The troops were finally given the order to advance. + They had advanced 20 miles by nightfall. + the advancing Allied troops + She closed the door firmly and advanced towards the desk.
    Compare: RETREAT
    develop
    2 if knowledge, technology, etc. advances, it develops and improves: [V] Our knowledge of the disease has advanced considerably over recent years. + [VN] This research has done much to advance our understanding of language learning.
    help to succeed
    3 [VN] to help sth to succeed
    Synonym: FURTHER
    Studying for new qualifications is one way of advancing your career. + They worked together to advance the cause of democracy.
    money
    4 ~ sth (to sb)
    ~ (sb) sth to give sb money before the time it would usually be paid: [VN, VNN] We are willing to advance the money to you. + We will advance you the money.
    suggest
    5 [VN] (formal) to suggest an idea, a theory, or a plan for other people to discuss
    Synonym: PUT FORWARD
    The article advances a new theory to explain changes in the climate.
    make earlier
    6 [VN] (formal) to change the time or date of an event so that it takes place earlier
    Synonym: BRING FORWARD
    The date of the trial has been advanced by one week.
    Antonym: POSTPONE
    to later part
    7 (formal) to move forward to a later part of sth; to move sth forward to a later part: [V] Users advance through the program by answering a series of questions. + [VN] This button advances the tape to the beginning of the next track.
    increase
    8 [V] (business) (of prices, costs, etc.) to increase in price or amount: Inflation advanced sharply during the 1980s.
    + adjective [only before noun]
    1 done or given before sth is going to happen: Please give us advance warning of any changes to the schedule. + We need advance notice of the numbers involved. + No advance booking is necessary on most departures.
    2 ~ party / team a group of people who go somewhere first, before the main group: The advance party for a winter ascent of Mount Everest has arrived in Nepal.
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 forward movement

    ADJ.

    rapid | Allied, British, German, etc.

    VERB + ADVANCE

    make
    The regiment made an advance on the enemy lines.
    | order
    The general ordered an advance to the front line.
    | halt, resist, stop

    PREP.

    on ~
    the advance on Leningrad
    | to ~, towards ~
    the Russian advance towards Berlin

    2 development

    ADJ.

    big, considerable, dramatic, enormous, great, spectacular, substantial, tremendous | important, major, notable, remarkable, significant | rapid, steady
    rapid advances in science and technology
    | recent | economic, educational, medical, political, scientific, social, technical, technological | theoretical

    VERB + ADVANCE

    make
    We need more money if we are to make any further advances in this area of science.

    PREP.

    in ~
    two major advances in orthopaedic medicine
    | on ~
    an advance on the existing techniques
    | towards ~
    an advance towards a better understanding of God

    3 money

    ADJ.

    large | cash

    VERB + ADVANCE

    give, pay
    The publishers have paid me an advance.
    | get, receive

    PREP.

    ~ of
    an advance of £10,000
    | ~ on
    He was paid £5,000 as an advance on royalties.

    4 advances: sexual

    ADJ.

    amorous, sexual

    VERB + ADVANCE

    make
    He made amorous advances to one of his students.

    PREP.

    ~ to

    verb

    1 move forward

    ADV.

    quickly, rapidly | cautiously, slowly

    PREP.

    from
    advancing from the south
    | into
    The troops advanced into central Europe.
    | on/upon
    The army advanced on the capital.
    | towards
    He advanced towards me in aggressive style.

    2 develop

    ADV.

    considerably, greatly, significantly | rapidly

    PREP.

    beyond
    Society needs to advance beyond prejudice and superstition.



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