Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
abuse
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
abuse /ə'bju:s/
  • danh từ
    • sự lạm dụng, sự lộng hành
      • abuse of power: sự lạm quyền
      • to remedy abuses: sửa chữa thói lạm dụng
    • thói xấu, hủ tục
    • sự lăng mạ, sự sỉ nhục, sự chửi rủa, sự xỉ vả
    • sự nói xấu, sự gièm pha
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ), (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) sự ngược đãi, sự hành hạ
      • an abuse of animals: sự hành hạ súc vật
  • ngoại động từ
    • lạm dụng (quyền hành...)
    • lăng mạ, sỉ nhục, chửi rủa
    • nói xấu, gièm pha
      • to abuse somebody behind his bock: nói xấu sau lưng ai
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) lừa dối, lừa gạt
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ), (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) ngược đãi, hành hạ
Concise Dictionary
abuses|abused|abusingə'bjuːz
noun
+cruel or inhumane treatment
+a rude expression intended to offend or hurt
+improper or excessive use
verb
+treat badly
+change the inherent purpose or function of something
+use foul or abusive language towards
+use wrongly or improperly or excessively

Thesaurus Dictionary
v.
1 misuse, misemploy, pervert, misapply, exploit:
The officer abused his authority in ordering the forced march at midnight.
2 maltreat, ill-use, injure, wrong, hurt, mistreat, manhandle, ill-treat; damage:
I cannot stand by and watch that drunk abuse his wife and family.
3 malign, revile, censure, upbraid, assail, objurgate, lambaste, berate, rebuke, scold, reproach, disparage, traduce, defame, insult, swear at, curse (at), calumniate, slander, libel, decry, deprecate, vilify, rail against:
In the report the director was abused in the most virulent terms.
n.
4 misuse, misusage, misemployment, perversion, misapplication, misappropriation, Rhetoric catachresis:
Beware of imitating his abuse of the language.
5 addiction, dependence:
They are being treated for drug abuse at the local clinic.
6 maltreatment, ill-treatment, ill use, fault:
It seemed perfectly natural that he should defend abuses by which he profited.
7 self-abuse, self-pollution, masturbation, violation, defilement; corruption:
The schoolmasters consistently lectured the boys against any abuse of themselves.
8 revilement, reviling, execration, vituperation, malediction, imprecation, tongue-lashing, calumny, calumniation, vilification, obloquy, scurrility, invective, maligning, upbraiding, berating, objurgation, scolding; billingsgate:
The two parties, after exchanging a good deal of abuse, came to blows.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
1 [U, sing.] ~ (of sth) the use of sth in a way that is wrong or harmful: alcohol / drug / solvent abuse + He was arrested on charges of corruption and abuse of power. + The system of paying cash bonuses is open to abuse (= might be used in the wrong way). + What she did was an abuse of her position as manager.
2 [U, pl.] unfair, cruel or violent treatment of sb: child abuse + sexual abuse + reported abuses by the secret police + She suffered years of physical abuse.
3 [U] rude and offensive remarks, usually made when sb is very angry: to scream / hurl / shout abuse + a stream / torrent of abuse + The man burst into a torrent of foul-mouthed racist abuse.
+ verb [VN]
1 to make bad use of sth, or to use so much of sth that it harms your health: to abuse alcohol / drugs + He systematically abused his body with heroin and cocaine.
2 to use power or knowledge unfairly or wrongly: She abused her position as principal by giving jobs to her friends. + He felt they had abused his trust by talking about him to the press (= deceived him, although he had trusted them).
3 to treat a person or an animal in a cruel or violent way, especially sexually: All the children had been physically and emotionally abused. + He had abused his own daughter (= had sex with her). + The boy had been viciously assaulted and sexually abused.
4 to make rude or offensive remarks to or about sb: Journalists covering the case have been threatened and abused.
abuser noun: a drug abuser + a child abuser
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 wrong/bad use of sth

ADJ.

alcohol, drug, solvent, substance
(= drugs or solvents)

VERB + ABUSE

be open to
The legal system is open to abuse.

PHRASES

the abuse of power

2 bad, usually violent treatment of sb

ADJ.

emotional, physical, sex/sexual | child, elder
victims of child abuse
| human rights ~s
allegations of human rights abuses
| alleged, suspected

QUANT.

case
six cases of suspected child abuse

VERB + ABUSE

carry out, subject sb to
She was subjected to regular sexual abuse.
| suffer, take
The child had taken a lot of emotional abuse.
| suspect sb of

ABUSE + VERB

happen, occur, take place

PHRASES

an allegation of abuse, a perpetrator of abuse, a victim of abuse

3 insulting words

ADJ.

verbal | personal, racial

QUANT.

stream, torrent
He was subjected to a torrent of abuse.

VERB + ABUSE

hurl, scream, shout, shower sb with, subject sb to, yell | endure
They had to endure continual racial abuse.

PHRASES

heap abuse on sb/sth
Abuse and scorn were heaped on the proposals.
| a target for/of abuse
The team who lost became a target of abuse for angry fans.
| a term of abuse
Calling someone stupid is definitely a term of abuse.

verb

ADV.

emotionally, mentally, physically, sexually, verbally
All the children had been physically and emotionally abused.



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