Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
absence /'æbsəns/
  • danh từ
    • sự vắng mặt, sự nghỉ (học), sự đi vắng; thời gian vắng mặt, lúc đi vắng
      • to have a long absence from school: nghỉ học lâu
    • sự thiếu, sự không có
      • to carry out production in the absence of necessary machines: sản xuất trong tình trạng thiếu những máy móc cần thiết
    • sự điểm danh
      • absence of mind: sự lơ đãng
      • absence without leave: sự nghỉ không phép
    • leave of absence
      • (xem) leave
Concise Dictionary
+the state of being absent
+failure to be present
+the time interval during which something or somebody is away
+epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 non-attendance, non-presence, non-appearance, truancy:
This is Jason's third absence from class in a week. She runs the place in my absence.
2 lack, want, deficiency, non-existence; insufficiency, scantiness, paucity, scarcity, dearth:
In the absence of new evidence, the matter must remain undecided.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ noun
1 [U, C] ~ (from ...) the fact of sb being away from a place where they are usually expected to be; the occasion or period of time when sb is away: absence from work + repeated absences from school + The decision was made in my absence (= while I was not there). + We did not receive any news during his long absence.
See also - LEAVE
2 [U] the fact of sb/sth not existing or not being available; a lack of sth: The case was dismissed in the absence of any definite proof. + the absence of any women on the board of directors
Collocation Dictionary

1 fact of not being present


lengthy, long, prolonged | brief, temporary | unauthorized


period, spell
You will not be paid for the full period of absence.


during/in sb's ~
(= while sb is not there)My father did all the cooking in my mother's absence.
| ~ from
absence from work


conspicuous/notable by your absence
(= very obviously absent when you ought to be present)When it came to clearing up afterwards, Anne was conspicuous by her absence.
| leave of absence
(= permission to be absent)He asked for leave of absence from the army.

2 lack


complete, total | virtual | conspicuous, notable
a conspicuous absence of evidence


in the ~ of
In the absence of stone, most houses in the area are built of wood.

Random quote: Focusing your life solely on making a buck shows a poverty of ambition. It asks too little of yourself. And it will leave you unfulfilled.: Barack Obama

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Optional: 01/2018: Picture Dictionary

Updated: 05/06/2018: List of Academic Words