English - Vietnamese Dictionary
absence /'æbsəns/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- sự vắng mặt, sự nghỉ (học), sự đi vắng; thời gian vắng mặt, lúc đi vắng
- to have a long absence from school: nghỉ học lâu
- sự thiếu, sự không có
- to carry out production in the absence of necessary machines: sản xuất trong tình trạng thiếu những máy móc cần thiết
- sự điểm danh
- absence of mind: sự lơ đãng
- absence without leave: sự nghỉ không phép
+the state of being absent
+failure to be present
+the time interval during which something or somebody is away
+epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
Advanced English Dictionary
1 non-attendance, non-presence, non-appearance, truancy:
This is Jason's third absence from class in a week. She runs the place in my absence.
2 lack, want, deficiency, non-existence; insufficiency, scantiness, paucity, scarcity, dearth:
In the absence of new evidence, the matter must remain undecided.
+ nounCollocation Dictionary
1 [U, C] ~ (from ...) the fact of sb being away from a place where they are usually expected to be; the occasion or period of time when sb is away: absence from work + repeated absences from school + The decision was made in my absence (= while I was not there). + We did not receive any news during his long absence.
See also - LEAVE
2 [U] the fact of sb/sth not existing or not being available; a lack of sth: The case was dismissed in the absence of any definite proof. + the absence of any women on the board of directors
Idioms see CONSPICUOUS
1 fact of not being present
lengthy, long, prolonged | brief, temporary | unauthorized
You will not be paid for the full period of absence.
during/in sb's ~
(= while sb is not there)My father did all the cooking in my mother's absence.
| ~ from
absence from work
conspicuous/notable by your absence
(= very obviously absent when you ought to be present)When it came to clearing up afterwards, Anne was conspicuous by her absence.
| leave of absence
(= permission to be absent)He asked for leave of absence from the army.
complete, total | virtual | conspicuous, notable
a conspicuous absence of evidence
in the ~ of
In the absence of stone, most houses in the area are built of wood.
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