Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
balance
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
balance /'bæləns/
  • danh từ
    • cái cân
      • precision balance: cân chính xác, cân tiểu ly
      • analytical balance: cân phân tích
    • sự thăng bằng sự cân bằng; cán cân
      • balance of forces: cán cân lực lượng
      • balance of power: (chính trị) chính sách giữ thăng bằng cán cân lực lượng giữa các nước
      • to keep one's balance: giữ thăng bằng; (nghĩa bóng) bình tĩnh
      • to lose one's balance: mất thăng bằng; (nghĩa bóng) mất bình tĩnh, rối trí
      • to be off one's balance: ngã (vì mất thăng bằng); bối rối
    • sự cân nhắc kỹ
      • on balance: sau khi cân nhắc kỹ
    • sự thăng trầm của số mệnh
    • (Balance) (thiên văn học) cung thiên bình, toà thiên bình
    • đối trọng
    • quả lắc (đồng hồ)
    • (thương nghiệp) bản đối chiếu thu chi, bản quyết toán
      • to strikle a balance: làm bản quyết toán
    • sai ngạch; số còn lại, số dư
      • balance in hand: sai ngạch thừa
      • balance due: sai ngạch thiếu
    • (nghệ thuật) sự cân xứng
    • to be (tremble, swing, hang) in the balance
      • do dự, lưỡng lự
    • ở vào tình trạng (nguy ngập)
    • the balance of advantage lies with him
      • anh ta ở vào thế có lợi
    • to hold the balance even between two parties
      • cầm cân nảy mực
    • to turn balance
      • (xem) turn
  • ngoại động từ
    • làm cho thăng bằng; làm cho cân bằng
    • làm cho cân xứng
    • cân nhắc (một vấn đề, một giải pháp)
    • (thương nghiệp) quyết toán
      • to balance the accounts: quyết toán các khoản chi thu
  • nội động từ
    • do dự, lưỡng lự
      • to balance a long time before coming to a decision: do dự lâu trước khi quyết định
    • cân nhau, cân xứng
      • the penalty does not balance with the offence: hình phạt không cân xứng với tội lỗi
    • (thương nghiệp) cân bằng
      • the accounts don't balance: sổ sách không cân bằng
Concise Dictionary
balances|balanced|balancing'bæləns
noun
+a state of equilibrium
+a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity
+equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account
+harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)
+equality of distribution
+something left after other parts have been taken away
+the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account
+(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra
+the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22
+(mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane
+a weight that balances another weight
+a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat
verb
+bring into balance or equilibrium
+compute credits and debits of an account
+hold or carry in equilibrium
+be in equilibrium

Thesaurus Dictionary
v.
1 weigh, estimate, ponder, consider, deliberate, assess, compare, evaluate:
We need to balance the advantages and the disadvantages.
2 steady, poise; equalize, stabilize, level, match, even out or up:
The see-saw will balance better if both of you get on the other end.
3 compensate (for), make up for, counterbalance, offset, match, equal; counterpoise:
The column of mercury in the barometer balances the atmospheric pressure on the surface of the bowl. The total of expenses seems to balance the total of income.
n.
4 scale(s), steelyard:
According to the balance, the package weighs two pounds.
5 control, command, authority, weight, preponderance:
Britain held the balance of power during those decades.
6 equilibrium, stability, steadiness, footing; equiponderance; equality, harmony:
The acrobat almost lost his balance on the high wire. It is important to maintain a balance between presentation and content.
7 remainder, residue, rest; excess, surplus, difference:
You take these and I'll follow with the balance. My bank balance is down to zero.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
equal amounts
1 [U, sing.] ~ (between A and B) a situation in which different things exist in equal, correct or good amounts: Try to keep a balance between work and relaxation. + This newspaper maintains a good balance in its presentation of different opinions. + Tourists often disturb the delicate balance of nature on the island. + His wife's death disturbed the balance of his mind.
of body
2 [U] the ability to keep steady with an equal amount of weight on each side of the body: Athletes need a good sense of balance. + I struggled to keep my balance on my new skates. + She cycled round the corner, lost her balance and fell off.
money
3 [C, usually sing.] the amount that is left after taking numbers or money away from a total: to check your bank balance (= to find out how much money there is in your account)
4 [C, usually sing.] an amount of money still owed after some payment has been made: The balance of $500 must be paid within 90 days.
instrument for weighing
5 [C] an instrument for weighing things, with a bar that is supported in the middle and has dishes hanging from each end
Idioms: (on) the balance of evidence / probability (formal) (considering) the evidence on both sides of an argument, to find the most likely reason for or result of sth: The balance of evidence suggests the Liberal party's decline began before the First World War.
(be / hang) in the balance if the future of sth/sb, or the result of sth is/hangs in the balance, it is uncertain: The long-term future of the space programme hangs in the balance. + Tom's life hung in the balance for two weeks as he lay in a coma.
(catch / throw sb) off balance
1 to make sb/sth unsteady and in danger of falling: I was thrown off balance by the sudden gust of wind.
2 to make sb surprised and no longer calm: The senator was clearly caught off balance by the unexpected question.
on balance after considering all the information: On balance, the company has had a successful year.
more at REDRESS v., STRIKE v., SWING v., TIP v.
+ verb
keep steady
1 ~ (sth) (on sth) to put your body or sth else into a position where it is steady and does not fall: [V] How long can you balance on one leg? + [VN] The television was precariously balanced on top of a pile of books. + She balanced the cup on her knee.
be / keep equal
2 ~ (sth) (out) to be equal in value, amount, etc. to sth else that has the opposite effect
Synonym: OFFSET
[VN] This year's profits will balance our previous losses. + His lack of experience was balanced by a willingness to learn. + [V] The good and bad effects of any decision will usually balance out.
3 [VN] ~ A with / and B to give equal importance to two contrasting things or parts of sth: She tries to balance home life and career.
compare
4 ~ A against B to compare the relative importance of two contrasting things: The cost of obtaining legal advice needs to be balanced against its benefits.
money
5 [VN] (finance) to show that in an account the total money spent is equal to the total money received; to calculate the difference between the two totals
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 even combination/distribution

ADJ.

correct, equal, even, exact, ideal, necessary, optimum, perfect, proper, right
With children, it is important to achieve the right balance between love and discipline.
| comfortable, equitable, excellent, good, happy, harmonious, healthy
a healthy balance of foods
| acceptable, adequate, appropriate, fair, reasonable, sensible
How do you find an acceptable balance between closeness and distance in a relationship?
| careful, delicate, fine, subtle
Being a good boss requires a fine balance between kindness and authority.
| fragile, precarious, uneasy | overall
It is the overall balance of the diet that is important.
| ecological, natural
Pulling up all the plants will disturb the natural balance of the pond.
| hormonal, nutritional | ethnic, gender, social
There is an even gender balance amongst staff and students (= equal numbers of men and women).

VERB + BALANCE

require | seek | achieve, create, find, strike
We need to strike a balance between these conflicting interests.
| keep, maintain, sustain
You have to maintain a balance in your life or else you'll go crazy.
| disturb, upset
Tourists often disturb the delicate balance of nature on the island.
| redress, restore | affect | alter, change, shift

BALANCE + VERB

change, shift

PREP.

on ~
(= after considering all the information)On balance, the company has had a successful year.
| in ~
It is important to keep the different aspects of your life in balance.
| ~ between
the balance between academic and practical work
| ~ of
the balance of animals and plants in the environment

PHRASES

the balance of nature

2 division of power/influence

ADJ.

changing, shifting | military, political

VERB + BALANCE

hold
to hold the balance of power (= to be in a position where your support would be just enough to give overall power to one group or another)
| affect | change, shift | swing, tilt, tip
(= to influence a result/decision)In an interview, smart presentation can tip the balance in your favour.

BALANCE + VERB

change, shift

PHRASES

the balance of advantage
The balance of advantage has shifted from the unions to employers.
| the balance of forces/power
the changing balance of power between the working and middle class
| checks and balances
Democracy depends on a system of checks and balances.

3 of the body

ADJ.

excellent, good | poor

VERB + BALANCE

have
Gymnasts have excellent balance.
| affect
Tightness in one set of muscles will affect your whole balance.
| keep
I struggled to keep my balance on my new skates.
| lose
She lost her balance and fell.
| recover, regain | knock sb off, throw sb off
The sudden movement threw him off balance.

PREP.

off ~

PHRASES

a sense of balance
Cats have a very good sense of balance.

4 money

ADJ.

account, bank | cash, money | credit, favourable, healthy, positive | debit, negative | cleared, net
Interest is calculated on the daily cleared balance and paid direct to your account.
| opening | final, outstanding | trade

VERB + BALANCE

have
Everyone likes to have a healthy bank balance.
| ask for, request
He asked the cashier for the balance of his current account.
| check
I'll need to check my bank balance before I spend so much money.
| show | achieve | be due
The final balance is due six weeks before departure.
| pay
I'll pay the balance later.
| use
The balance of the proceeds will be used for new equipment.
| bring forward, carry forward
the balance brought forward from the previous year

BALANCE + NOUN

sheet
the company's balance sheet

PHRASES

the balance of payments
(= the difference between the amount of money coming into and going out of a country),
the balance of trade
(= the difference in value between imports and exports)

verb

1 keep steady

ADV.

carefully, precariously

PREP.

on
He balanced the glasses carefully on the tray.

2 compare two things; give them equal value

VERB + BALANCE

have to, need to | seek to, try to
The plan seeks to balance two important objectives.
| manage to

PREP.

against
We have to balance the risks of the new strategy against the possible benefits.
| with
She tries to balance the needs of her children with those of her employer.



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