US: /ˈskɹætʃ/
UK: /skɹˈæt‍ʃ/

English Vietnamese dictionary

scratch /skrætʃ/
  • tính từ
    • hỗn tạp, linh tinh, không chọn lựa
      • a scratch group of people: một nhóm người linh tinh
      • a scratch team: (thể dục,thể thao) một đội gồm những đối thủ linh tinh
      • a scratch dinner: một bữa cơm làm cào làm cấu qua loa (có cái gì thì dọn ra cái đó)
  • danh từ
    • tiếng sột soạt (của ngòi bút)
    • sự sầy da; vết xây sát, vết xước; vết thương nhẹ
      • to get off with a scratch or two: thoát khỏi với một vài vết thương nhẹ
    • vạch xuất phát (trong cuộc đua)
    • sự gãi, sự cào
    • (số nhiều) bệnh nẻ (của ngựa)
    • bộ tóc giả che một phần đầu ((cũng) scratch-wig)
    • (như) scratch race
    • a scratch of the pen
      • chữ ký để xin; lệnh viết dễ cho
    • to toe (come to, come up to) the scratch
      • có mặt đúng lúc, không trốn tránh
    • from (at, on) scratch
      • (thể dục,thể thao) từ điểm xuất phát (cuộc đua)
    • từ con số không, từ bàn tay trắng
    • up to scratch
      • (thể dục,thể thao) sẵn sàng xuất phát, sẵn sàng bước vào cuộc đấu
    • (thông tục) sẵn lòng đối phó với mọi khó khăn
    • động từ
      • cào, làm xước da
      • thảo luận qua loa, bàn sơ qua (một vấn đề)
      • nạo kèn kẹt, quẹt
        • to scratch a match on the wall: quẹt cái diêm vào tường
      • ((thường) + out) gạch xoá đi
        • to scratch out words: gạch đi mấy chữ
      • viết nguệch ngoạc
      • gãi
        • to scratch one's head: gãi đầu, gãi tai (lúng túng)
      • bới, tìm
        • to scratch about for evidence: tìm chứng cớ
      • dành dụm, tằn tiện
      • xoá tên, xoá sổ; rút tên (ai) khỏi danh sách (cuộc đua...); rút lui (khỏi cuộc đua...)
      • to scratch along
        • (nghĩa bóng) xoay sở để sống
      • to scratch at oneself
        • tự lo liệu tự xoay xở
    • danh từ
      • old Scratch quỷ sứ

    Advanced English dictionary

    verb, noun, adjective
    + verb
    rub with your nails
    1 ~ (at sth) to rub your skin with your nails, usually because it is ITCHING: [VN] John yawned and scratched his chin. + The dog scratched itself behind the ear. + [V] Try not to scratch. + She scratched at the insect bites on her arm.
    cut skin
    2 ~ (sb/sth / yourself) (on sth) to cut or damage your skin slightly with sth sharp: [VN] I'd scratched my leg and it was bleeding. + She scratched herself on a nail. + [V] Does the cat scratch?
    damage surface
    3 [VN] to damage the surface of sth, especially accidentally, by making thin shallow marks on it: Be careful not to scratch the furniture. + The car's paintwork is badly scratched.
    make / remove mark
    4 [VN +adv./prep.] to make or remove a mark, etc. on sth deliberately, by rubbing it with sth hard or sharp: They scratched lines in the dirt to mark out a pitch. + Some graffiti had been scratched on the back of the door. + We scratched some of the dirt away. + (figurative) You can scratch my name off the list.
    make sound
    5 [V] [usually +adv./prep.] to make an irritating noise by rubbing sth with sth sharp: The dog kept scratching at the door to go out. + His pen scratched away on the paper. + We could hear mice scratching behind the wall.
    a living
    6 [VN] ~ a living to make enough money to live on, but with difficulty: 75% of the population scratch a living from the soil.
    7 ~ (sb/sth) (from sth) to decide that sth cannot happen or sb/sth cannot take part in sth, before it starts: [VN] to scratch a rocket launch + The horse was scratched from the race because of injury. + [V] She had scratched because of a knee injury.
    Idioms: scratch your head (over sth) to think hard in order to find an answer to sth: Experts have been scratching their heads over the increase in teenage crime.
    scratch the surface (of sth) to deal with, understand, or find out about only a small part of a subject or problem: We left feeling that we had just scratched the surface of this fascinating country.
    you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours (saying) used to say that if sb helps you, you will help them, even if this is unfair to others
    Phrasal Verbs: scratch about / around (for sth) to search for sth, especially with difficulty
    scratch sth<->out to remove a word, especially a name, from sth written, usually by putting a line through it
    + noun
    mark / cut
    1 [C] a mark, a cut or an injury made by scratching sb's skin or the surface of sth: Her hands were covered in scratches from the brambles. + a scratch on the paintwork + It's only a scratch (= a very slight injury). + He escaped without a scratch (= was not hurt at all).
    2 [sing.] the unpleasant sound of sth sharp or rough being rubbed against a surface
    with your nails
    3 [sing.] the act of scratching a part of your body when it ITCHES: Go on, have a good scratch!
    Idioms: from scratch without any previous preparation or knowledge: I learned German from scratch in six months. + They decided to dismantle the machine and start again from scratch. + He built the orchestra up from scratch.
    (be / come) up to scratch
    (bring sb/sth) up to scratch as good as sth/sb should be; satisfactory: His work simply isn't up to scratch. + It'll take months to bring the band up to scratch.
    + adjective (BrE)
    1 put together in a hurry using whatever people or materials are available: a scratch team
    2 (especially in golf) with no HANDICAP: a scratch player

    Thesaurus dictionary

    1 mar, mark, gouge (out), gash, abrade, graze, scuff, grate against, bruise, damage, injure; claw:
    If you glue some felt to the bottom, the lamp won't scratch the table
    2 chafe, rub:
    If you scratch those mosquito bites you might get an infection.
    3 Often, scratch out or off. erase, obliterate, rub out or off, cross out, delete, strike out or off, expunge; exclude, eliminate, US x out:
    You can scratch my name from the list of candidates. She scratched out what she had written and started again.
    4 mark, gouge, gash, abrasion, scrape, graze, scuff, bruise, damage, injury; line:
    Where did you get that scratch on your face? 'It's only a scratch', Sandy protested as they tried to remove the spear from his shoulder
    5 up to scratch. up to standard or par, adequate, sufficient, good enough, competent, satisfactory, competitive, Colloq up to snuff:
    Cynthia's performance is not yet up to scratch, so she might not make the team.
    6 hasty, hurried, impromptu, unplanned, haphazard, rough, casual, informal, unprepared, unpremeditated, makeshift, extempore, Colloq off the cuff, US pick-up:
    We didn't have time to practise, so we are racing with a scratch crew.

    Collocation dictionary


    deep, long, nasty, terrible | light, little, minor, slight, small, superficial
    His only injuries were some minor scratches above his eye.






    without a ~
    She emerged from the wrecked vehicle without a scratch.
    | ~ on
    I've got some nasty scratches on my legs.


    The table had been badly scratched.


    He kept scratching at his nose.
    | on
    I scratched my arm on a rose bush.
    | with
    She scratched his face with her nails.

    Concise English dictionary

    +an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
    +a depression scratched or carved into a surface
    +informal terms for money
    +dry mash for poultry
    +a harsh noise made by scraping
    +poor handwriting
    +an indication of damage
    +cause friction
    +cut the surface of; wear away the surface of
    +scrape or rub as if to relieve itching
    +postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled
    +remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line
    +gather (money or other resources) together over time
    +carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface