English Vietnamese dictionary
- danh từ
- độ nghiêng, độ dốc
- chỗ nạc
- tính từ
- gầy còm
- nạc, không dính mỡ (thịt)
- đói kém, mất mùa
- a lean year: một năm đói kém, một năm mất mùa
- không bổ (thức ăn); gầy (than, quặng...); không lợi lộc gì (việc làm)
- ngoại động từ leaned, leant
- dựa, tựa, chống
- dựa, tựa, chống
- nội động từ
- nghiêng đi
- (+ back, forward, out, over) cúi, ngả người
- to lean forward: ngả người về phía trước
- (+ against, on, upon) dựa, tựa, chống
- to lean against the wall: dựa vào tường
- ỷ vào, dựa vào; (quân sự) dựa vào sự yểm hộ bên sườn của (một đạo quân...)
- to lean on someone's help: dựa vào sự giúp đỡ của ai
- (+ to, towards) nghiêng về, thiên về
- to lean towards communism: thiên về chủ nghĩa cộng sản
Advanced English dictionary
verb, adjective, noun
+ verb (leaned, leaned) (BrE also leant, leant )
1 [V] [usually +adv./prep.] to bend or move from an upright position: I leaned back in my chair. + The tower is leaning dangerously. + A man was leaning out of the window.
2 [V] ~ against / on sth to rest on or against sth for support: A shovel was leaning against the wall. + She walked slowly, leaning on her son's arm.
3 [VN] ~ sth against / on sth to make sth rest against sth in a sloping position: Can I lean my bike against the wall?
Idioms see BACKWARDS
Phrasal Verbs: lean on sb/sth
1 to depend on sb/sth for help and support: He leans heavily on his family.
2 to try to influence sb by threatening them: The government has been leaning on the TV company not to broadcast the show.
lean to / towards / toward sth to have a tendency to prefer sth, especially a particular opinion or interest: The UK leant towards the US proposal.
+ adjective (leaner, leanest)
1 (usually approving) (of people, especially men, or animals) without much flesh; thin and fit: a lean, muscular body + He was tall, lean and handsome.
2 (of meat) containing little or no fat: a lean, tender piece of beef
3 [usually before noun] (of a period of time) difficult and not producing much money, food, etc: a lean period / spell + The company recovered well after going through several lean years. + This is the leanest time of the year for the tourist industry. + Many animals have a lean time of it in winter.
4 (of organizations, etc.) strong and efficient because the number of employees has been reduced: The changes made the company leaner and more competitive.
leanness noun [U]: The dark clothes emphasized the leanness of her body.
+ noun [U] the part of meat that has little or no fat
1 thin, slim, slender, rangy, spare, wiry, lanky, lank, skinny, angular, bony, raw-boned, gaunt, gangling, gangly, spare, meagre, skeletal, scraggy, scrawny, haggard, emaciated, pinched, wasted, shrunken, macilent:
He has the lean leggy build typical of a runner.
2 unfruitful, unproductive, barren, infertile, poor, meagre, scanty, bare, arid, sparse, impoverished:
The Kanes tried for years to eke a living from the lean soil.
3 impoverished, destitute, needy, poverty-stricken, penurious, indigent, necessitous, hard, bad, difficult:
The Depression was a lean period for most people.
1 rest (against or on or upon), be held up or supported by:
She leant her head on his shoulder.
2 incline, slant, tilt, bend, tip:
Isn't that pole leaning over too much?
3 Often, lean towards. favour, gravitate towards, tend towards, be disposed towards, prefer, show a preference for, incline towards, be or lean on the side of, be biased towards, be (prejudiced) in favour of:
She leans towards conservatism when it comes to morality.
4 lean on.
(a) rely on, depend on, count on, believe or trust in, pin one's hopes or faith on or upon:
You can lean on me if you need help.
(b) pressure, bring pressure to bear on, intimidate, threaten, cow, terrorize, terrify, scare, frighten, warn, menace, endanger, imperil, Brit pressurize:
Sometimes the gang would lean on a shopkeeper who refused to pay for 'protection'.leaning
bent, inclination, bias, prejudice, favouritism, partiality, predilection, liking, taste, preference, penchant, sympathy, tendency, tendentiousness:
The judges' leanings in favour of short-haired dogs are well known.
heavily | lightly | slightly | casually, easily, lazily, nonchalantly | eagerly | earnestly | confidentially, confidingly, conspiratorially | weakly, wearily | drunkenly | precariously | close, near
He leaned closer, lowering his voice.
| across, forward, down, out, over
She leant forward eagerly to listen to him.
| away, back, backwards
He leaned back in his chair.
She was leaning confidentially across the table.
She leaned her head against his shoulder.
He leaned into the open doorway.
The old man was leaning heavily on a stick.
| out of
She leaned precariously out of the window.
She leaned casually over the railings.
The taxi driver leaned through his window.
He leaned towards her.
PHRASAL VERBS lean on sb/sth
Britain leans heavily on Europe for trade.
Concise English dictionary
+the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical
+to incline or bend from a vertical position
+cause to lean or incline
+have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
+rely on for support
+cause to lean to the side
+lacking excess flesh
+lacking in mineral content or combustible material
+containing little excess
+not profitable or prosperous