US: /iˈkɑnəmi/, /ɪˈkɑnəmi/
UK: /ɪkˈɒnəmi/

English Vietnamese dictionary

economy /i:'kɔnəmi/
  • danh từ
    • sự quản lý kinh tế; nền kinh tế; tổ chức kinh tế
    • sự tiết kiệm (thì giờ, tiền của...); phương pháp tiết kiệm
    • cơ cấu tổ chức

Advanced English dictionary

+ noun (plural economies)
1 (often the economy) [C] the relationship between production, trade and the supply of money in a particular country or region: The economy is in recession. + the world economy + a market economy (= one in which the price is fixed according to both cost and demand)
2 [C] a country, when you are thinking about its economic system: Ireland was one of the fastest-growing economies in Western Europe in the 1990s.
3 [C, U] the use of the time, money, etc. that is available in a way that avoids waste: We need to make substantial economies. + It's a false economy to buy cheap clothes (= it seems cheaper but it is not really since they do not last very long). + She writes with a great economy of words (= using only the necessary words). + (BrE) We're on an economy drive at home. (= trying to avoid waste and spend as little money as possible) + Buy the large economy pack! (= the one that gives you better value for money) + to fly economy (class) (= by the cheapest class of air travel) + an economy fare (= the cheapest)

Thesaurus dictionary

1 thrift, husbandry, thriftiness, conservation, conservatism, saving, restraint, control, frugality:
We'll have to exercise economy to get through the winter.
2 brevity, briefness, succinctness, terseness, conciseness, concision, compactness, restraint, curtness:
He manages to get his ideas across with an admirable economy of language.

Collocation dictionary

1 operation of a country's money supply


booming, buoyant, dynamic, healthy, sound, stable, strong | ailing, depressed, flagging, fragile, stagnant, weak
The government devalued the currency to try to revive the flagging economy.
| advanced, developed, modern | agrarian,
agricultural, capitalist, industrial,
liberal, market, mixed, monetary, planned, rural, service-based, socialist
a modern industrial economy
| domestic, global, internal, international, local, national, world
the increasingly competitive global economy
| black, informal, underground
The black economy booms when there is high unemployment.


build, rebuild
Each party has its own strategy for building a strong economy.
| control, handle, manage, manipulate, operate, regulate, run
The government was accused of failing to run the economy competently.
| boost, develop, expand, help, improve, kick-start, reinvigorate, rescue, revive, stabilize, stimulate, strengthen | liberalize | damage, harm, weaken, wreck


develop, expand, flourish, grow | be in/go into recession, collapse, contract, fail, slow, stagnate | pick up, recover, stabilize


an area/a sector of the economy
Transport workers are employed in all sectors of the economy.
| the backbone/mainstay of the economy
Agriculture was the backbone of the economy.
| growth in/of the economy
A small manufacturing sector inhibits growth in the economy.
| control/handling/management of the economy
37% approved the president's handling of the economy.
| the size of the economy, the state of the economy
The government has been criticized over the state of the economy. > Special page at BUSINESS

2 careful use of money/time/resources


important, major, significant | false
Buying cheap shoes is a false economy.


achieve, make
We could achieve major economies in time with this new machinery.


Savings are being planned as part of a huge economy drive.


~ in
possible economies in telephone costs


economy of effort/movement
It was impressive to see her economy of movement as she worked the machine.
| economy of scale
Large firms can benefit from economies of scale.

Concise English dictionary

+the system of production and distribution and consumption
+the efficient use of resources
+frugality in the expenditure of money or resources
+an act of economizing; reduction in cost