English Vietnamese dictionary
- (toán kinh tế) món nợ
- national d. quốc trái
- public d. công trái
Advanced English dictionary
1 [C] a sum of money that sb owes: I need to pay off all my debts before I leave the country. + an outstanding debt of £300 + He had run up credit card debts of thousands of dollars.
2 [U] the situation of owing money, especially when you cannot pay: He died heavily in debt. + The club is £4 million in debt. + We were poor but we never got into debt. + It's hard to stay out of debt when you are a student. + a country's foreign debt burden
See also -
3 [C, usually sing.] the fact that you should feel grateful to sb because they have helped you or been kind to you: to owe a debt of gratitude to sb + I would like to acknowledge my debt to my teachers.
Idioms: be in sb's debt (formal) to feel grateful to sb for their help, kindness, etc.
1 obligation; due, indebtedness, liability, responsibility, accountability, encumbrance:
He owes a debt of gratitude to his wife for her moral support. The company takes care of all debts promptly.
2 in debt. under obligation, owing, accountable, beholden, indebted, responsible, answerable for, liable, encumbered, in arrears, straitened, in dire straits, in (financial) difficulty or difficulties, in the red, Colloq US and Canadian in hock:
I shall always be in debt to you for your help. The London branch is in debt for ten million pounds.
1 sum of money owed
big, crippling, enormous, high, huge, large, massive, substantial
He was burdened with crippling debts.
a company faced with mounting debts
| outstanding, unpaid
She used her lottery winnings to pay off her outstanding debts.
| overdue | bad
(= that cannot be repaid)Bad debt has hit the bank's profits this year.
| long-term, short-term | overall, total | gross, net | commercial, corporate | external, foreign, international | national, public
The country has a national debt of 80% of GNP.
VERB + DEBT
be burdened with, have, owe (sb)
the substantial debts that the company owed to the bank
| incur, run up
She ran up huge debts on her credit card.
| clear, meet, pay (back/off), repay, settle
Without a job, he'll never clear his debts. It'll take months to pay off all your debts.
| reduce | tackle
The new governments main aim is to tackle the country's massive debt.
| default on
The firm defaulted on its debt and its assets were seized.
| cancel, wipe off/out, write off
After a series of meetings, the banks were forced to write off the company's debts.
(= pay interest on)The fall in exports has left the country unable to service its debts.
| reschedule, restructure
The company has reached a deal with its major creditors allowing it to restructure its debts.
a debt secured on property
DEBT + VERB
fall due | stand at sth, total sth
The national debt stands at $7,000 million.
| arise from sth
debts arising from bad investments
DEBT + NOUN
collection, collector | burden
$80 million of debt
a burden of debt
Faced with a mounting burden of debt, he sold off the company.
| payment/repayment/settlement of a debt
2 state of owing money
VERB + DEBT
go into, get into, slip into
It is easy to get into serious debt with a credit card.
| get out of
You can get out of debt by strict economizing.
He was heavily in debt by the time he sought advice.
| out of ~
struggling to stay out of debt
deeply/heavily in debt
3 sth that you owe sb
VERB + DEBT
owe | acknowledge, recognize
in sb's ~
I am in Ruth's debt for the excellent advice she gave me.
| ~ to
In the introduction, the author acknowledges her debt to other writers on the subject.
owe a debt of gratitude to sb
We owe a great debt of gratitude to our families for their support.
Concise English dictionary
+the state of owing something (especially money)
+money or goods or services owed by one person to another
+an obligation to pay or do something