US: /ˈæbˌstɹækt/, /æbˈstɹækt/

English Vietnamese dictionary

abstract /'æbstrækt/
  • tính từ
    • trừu tượng
    • khó hiểu
    • lý thuyết không thực tế
    • abstract number
      • (toán học) số hư
  • danh từ
    • bản tóm tắt (cuốn sách, luận án, bài diễn văn...)
    • vật trừu tượng
      • in the abstract: trừu tượng, lý thuyết
  • ngoại động từ
    • trừu tượng hoá
    • làm đãng trí
    • rút ra, chiết ra, tách ra
      • to abstract butter from milk: tách bơ ra khỏi sữa
    • lấy trộm, ăn cắp
    • tóm tắt, trích yếu

Advanced English dictionary

adjective, noun, verb
+ adjective
1 based on general ideas and not on any particular real person, thing or situation: abstract knowledge / principles + The research shows that pre-school children are capable of thinking in abstract terms.
Compare: CONCRETE adj. (2)
2 existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical reality: We may talk of beautiful things but beauty itself is abstract.
3 (of art) not representing people or things in a realistic way, but expressing the artist's ideas about them: the work of American abstract expressionists like Mark Rothko
abstractly adverb
+ noun
1 an abstract work of art: Kandinsky's first pure abstracts are marked by their wild colour.
2 a short piece of writing containing the main ideas in a document
Synonym: SUMMARY

in the abstract in a general way, without referring to a particular real person, thing or situation: Legal questions rarely exist in the abstract; they are based on real cases. + I'm just talking in the abstract now.
+ verb [VN]
1 ~ sth (from sth) to remove sth from somewhere: She abstracted the main points from the argument. + a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river
2 (technical) to make a written summary of a book, etc.

Thesaurus dictionary

1 theoretical, unapplied, notional, ideational, conceptual, metaphysical, unpractical, intellectual:
It is difficult to capture abstract ideas on paper.
2 non-representational, symbolic, non-realistic:
Museums began buying abstract art in the 1930s.
3 summary, epitome, synopsis, essence, digest, condensation, survey, conspectus, extract; outline, précis, résumé:
By reading the abstracts, you can determine which articles merit reading in full.
4 epitomize, abbreviate, digest, summarize, condense, shorten, abridge, cut, cut down, US synopsize:
The service abstracts articles that appear in scientific journals.

Collocation dictionary




highly, very | entirely, purely
purely abstract drawing
| increasingly | fairly, rather, somewhat

Concise English dictionary

+a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
+a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory
+consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically
+make off with belongings of others
+consider apart from a particular case or instance
+give an abstract (of)
+existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment
+not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature
+dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention